CERRADO Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List


Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website. 

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready-made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region.

 The cerrado is generally thought of as the South American savanna, and indeed grass areas form a major part. The different habitats are known as follows: campo limpo is open grassland, cerradon are the areas of dry semi-deciduous forest in the grasslands, campo sujo is grassland with bushes and cerrado senso stricto is low bush without grass. Cerrado can also be dominated with spaced Butia palms. 


  • Greater Rhea Rhea americana NT (EBA073)
  • Lesser Nothura* Nothura minor VU (EBA073)
  • Dwarf Tinamou Taoniscus nanus VU
  • Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus CR (EBA073)
  • Chestnut-bellied Guan* Penelope ochrogaster VU
  • Blue-eyed Ground-Dove* Columbina cyanopis CR
  • Golden-collared Macaw Primolius auricollis LC
  • White-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus candicans EN
  • Sombre Hummingbird* Campylopterus cirrochloris LC
  • Dot-eared Coquette* Lophornis gouldii LC
  • Hyacinth Visorbearer* Augastes scutatus NT EBA073
  • Hooded Visorbearer* Augastes lumachella NT EBA073
  • Stripe-breasted Starthroat* Heliomaster squamosus LC (EBA073)
  • Crescent-chested Puffbird* Malacoptila striata LC
  • Campo Miner Geobates poecilopterus NT (EBA073)
  • Tail-banded Hornero* Furnarius figulus LC
  • Cipó Canastero* Asthenes luizae VU EBA073
  • Great Xenops* Megaxenops parnaguae VU (EBA070, 073, 074)
  • Russet-mantled Foliage-gleaner Philydor dimidiatus LC
  • Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus rectirostris LC
  • Pectoral Antwren* Herpilochmus pectorales VU (EBA073)
  • Serra Antwren* Formicivora serrana LC
  • Collared Crescent-chest Melanopareia torquata LC
  • Brasilia Tapaculo* Scytalopus novacapitalis NT EBA073, s032
  • Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata LC
  • Serra Tyrant-manakin* Neopelma chrysolophum LC EBA073
  • Sharp-tailed Tyrant Culicivora caudacuta NT (EBA073)
  • Reiser's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias reiseri LC
  • Grey-backed Tachuri* Polystictus superciliaris NT EBA073, EBA076
  • Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus NT (EBA073)
  • Velvety Black-Tyrant* Knipolegus nigerrimus LC (EBA073)
  • Ash-throated Casiornis* Casiornis fusca LC
  • White-naped Jay* Cyanocorax cyanopogon LC (EBA073)
  • Grey-eyed Greenlet* Hylophilus amaurocephalus LC (EBA073)
  • White-striped Warbler* Basileuterus leucophrys LC
  • White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata NT
  • Cone-billed Tanager* Conothraupis mesoleuca CR
  • Black-backed Tanager* Tangara peruviana VU
  • Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma NT
  • Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis VU
  • Cinereous Warbling-Finch* Poospiza cinerea VU (EBA073)
  • Hooded Seedeater* Sporophila melanops CR
  • Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa VU
  • Grey-and-chestnut Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma NT
  • Black-bellied Seedeater* Sporophila melanogaster NT
  • Pale-throated Serra-Finch* Embernagra longicauda NT EBA073
  • Crimson-fronted Cardinal* Paroaria baeri LC
  • Yellow-billed Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens NT
  • Black-throated Saltator Saltator Saltator atricollis LC

* indicates Brazilian endemic 

EBA073 Central Brazilian Hills and Tablelands 
non-restricted range species have the EBAs in which they may be found in brackets 

Avibase www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp

BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone. www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html www.birdlife.org/datazone/ebas/index.html 

Author: B.P. Wainwright