SOUTH AMERICAN ISLANDS & OCEANS Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List

 

Birding Site Guide

BENES lists usually contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of this ecoregion. Some oceanic species may not fit the criteria for sought after species used for landbirds, many may be common and or widespread but due to the limited opportunities birders have to see most species, all are included here. 

 

  • King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus
  • Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri
  • Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua NT
  • Adelie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae
  • Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarctica
  • FK Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus VU
  • FK Snares Penguin Eudyptes robustus VU
  • FK Erect-crested Penguin Eudyptes sclateri EN
  • Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome VU
  • P Royal Penguin Eudyptes schlegeli VU
  • Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus VU
  • P Little Penguin Eudyptula minor
  • P Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti VU
  • Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus NT
  • GI Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus EN
  • Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans VU
  • Royal Albatross Diomedea epomophora VU
  • Grey-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma VU
  • Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris EN
  • P Buller's Albatross Thalassarche bulleri VU
  • Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta NT
  • A Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos EN
  • Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca EN
  • Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata VU
  • GI Waved Albatross Phoebastria irrorata VU
  • Antarctic Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus VU
  • Hall's Giant Petrel Macronectes halli NT
  • Southern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides
  • Antarctic Petrel Thalassoica antarctica
  • Cape Petrel Daption capense
  • Snow Petrel Pagodroma nivea
  • Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera
  • White-headed Petrel Pterodroma lessonii
  • P Phoenix Petrel Pterodroma alba EN
  • P Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata NT
  • P Kermadec Petrel Pterodroma neglecta
  • P Herald Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana VU
  • GI Galapagos Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia CR
  • A Atlantic Petrel Pterodroma incerta VU
  • A Soft-plumaged Petrel Pterodroma mollis NT
  • Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa VU
  • P Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii EN
  • P Defilippe's Petrel Pterodroma defilippiana VU
  • P Gould's Petrel Pterodroma leucoptera VU
  • P Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris VU
  • Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea
  • Broad-billed Prion Pachyptila vittata
  • Antarctic Prion Pachyptila desolata
  • Slender-billed Prion Pachyptila belcheri
  • Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur
  • Grey Petrel Procellaria cinerea NT
  • White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis VU
  • P Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica VU
  • Kerguelen Petrel Aphrodroma brevirostris
  • A Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
  • P Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus VU
  • P Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes
  • Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis
  • P Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri VU
  • Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus NT
  • P Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis
  • Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus
  • Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis
  • Gray-backed Storm-Petrel Garrodia nereis
  • Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
  • White-faced Storm-Petrel Pelagodroma marina
  • Black-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta tropica
  • White-bellied Storm-Petrel Fregetta grallaria
  • P Polynesian Storm-Petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa VU
  • Magellanic Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides magellani
  • P Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys
  • P Markham's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma markhami DD
  • P Ringed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi DD
  • A South Georgia Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides georgicus
  • P Peruvian Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides garnotii EN
  • P Magellanic Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides magellani
  • Common Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix
  • P Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
  • P Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
  • P White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
  • Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus
  • Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
  • Australian Gannet Morus serrator
  • P Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii
  • P Peruvian Booby Sula variegata
  • P Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
  • P Nazca Booby Sula granti
  • P Red-footed Booby Sula sula
  • Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
  • GI Galapagos Cormorant Phalacrocorax harrisi EN
  • c Rock Shag Phalacrocorax magellanicus
  • Guanay Cormorant Phalacrocorax bougainvillii NT
  • P Antarctic Shag Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis
  • Imperial Shag Phalacrocorax atriceps
  • c Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi NT
  • Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
  • P Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
  • Kelp Goose Chloephaga hybrida
  • FK Falkland Steamerduck Tachyeres brachypterus
  • c Flightless Steamerduck Tachyeres pteneres
  • White-headed Steamerduck* Tachyeres leucocephalus NT
  • GI Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis VU
  • Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus VU
  • c Blackish Oystercatcher Haematopus ater
  • c Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus
  • Snowy Sheathbill Chionis alba
  • South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
  • Dolphin Gull Larus scoresbii
  • GI Lava Gull Larus fuliginosus VU
  • GI Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus
  • P Elegant Tern Sterna elegans
  • Royal Tern Sterna maxima
  • South American Tern Sterna hirundinacea
  • Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata
  • P Peruvian Tern Sterna lorata EN
  • P Grey-backed Tern Sterna lunata
  • P Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
  • P Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata
  • Lesser Noddy Anous tenuirostris
  • Black Noddy Anous minutus
  • Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
  • Blue Noddy Procelsterna cerulea
  • Grey Noddy Procelsterna albivitta
  • Pc Inca Tern Larosterna inca NT
  • GI Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis
  • FK Cobb's Wren Troglodytes cobbi VU
  • GI Galapagos Mockingbird Nesomimus parvulus
  • GI Charles Mockingbird Nesomimus trifasciatus EN
  • GI Hood Mockingbird Nesomimus macdonaldi VU
  • GI San Cristobal Mockingbird Nesomimus melanotis
  • FN Noronha Elaenia Elaenia ridleyana VU
  • FN Noronha Vireo Vireo gracilirostris NT
  • GI Large Ground-Finch Geospiza magnirostris
  • GI Medium Ground-Finch Geospiza fortis
  • GI Small Ground-Finch Geospiza fuliginosa
  • GI Sharp-beaked Ground-Finch Geospiza difficilis
  • GI Common Cactus-Finch Geospiza scandens
  • GI Large Cactus-Finch Geospiza conirostris
  • GI Vegetarian Finch Camarhynchus crassirostris
  • GI Mangrove Finch Camarhynchus heliobates CR
  • GI Large Tree-Finch Camarhynchus psittacula
  • GI Small Tree-Finch Camarhynchus parvulus
  • GI Medium Tree-Finch Camarhynchus pauper VU
  • GI Woodpecker Finch Camarhynchus pallidus
  • GI Warbler Finch Certhidea olivacea



*Argentine endemic 

**Chilean endemic 

  • c coastal
  • P Pacific
  • A Atlantic
  • FK Falkland Islands endemic
  • FN Fernando de Noronhoa Island endemic
  • GI Galapagos Islands endemic



References 
Avibase www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp

BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone. www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html www.birdlife.org/datazone/ebas/index.html 

Author: B.P. Wainwright

 

www.birdingsiteguide.com