TUMBESIAN BIOME ENDEMICS & NEAR ENDEMICS SPECIES LIST

 

Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website. 

 

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready-made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region.

 

Altitude zones (m): 0-750 lowland, 750-1,250 foothill, 1,250-1,750 lower montane, 1,750-3,000 montane, 3,000+ elfin etc For information on altitude terminology, threatened status terms and references used refer to About Biogeography and References Used By BSG globally threatened NT near threatened, VU vulnerable, EN endangered, CR critical

 

  • Pale-browed Tinamou NT Crypturellus transfasciatus 250-800 deciduous & semi-evergreen forests
  • Gray-backed Hawk EN Leucopternis occidentalis 0-1,300 evergreen & deciduous forest
  • Rufous-headed Chachalaca VU Ortalis erythroptera 0-1,850 dry deciduous forest
  • White-winged Guan* CR Penelope albipennis 0-800 dry deciduous forest
  • Ecuadorian Ground-Dove Columbina buckleyi 0-900 deciduous forest, edge & scrub
  • Ochre-bellied Dove VU Leptotila ochraceiventris 500-2625 deciduous & evergreen forest
  • Red-masked Parakeet NT Aratinga erythrogenys 0-1,400 semi-evergreen forest arid dry scrub gallery
  • El Oro Parakeet** VU Pyrrhura orcesi NOTE: THIS COLUMN UNFINISHED
  • Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis .
  • Gray-cheeked Parakeet EN Brotogeris pyrrhopterus .
  • Scrub Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi .
  • [Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes] .
  • Tumbes Hummingbird* Leucippus baeri .
  • Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura .
  • [Esmeraldas Woodstar** EN Chaetocercus berlepschi] .
  • Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri .
  • Coastal Miner* Geositta peruviana .
  • Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes* Cinclodes taczanowskii .
  • Black-faced Spinetail EN Synallaxis tithys .
  • Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax .
  • Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner VU Syndactyla ruficollis .
  • Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner VU Hylocryptus erythrocephalus .
  • Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi .
  • Chapman's Antshrike Thamnophilus zarumae .
  • Gray-headed Antbird VU Myrmeciza griseiceps .
  • Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi .
  • Elegant Crescentchest Melanopareia elegans .
  • Peruvian Plantcutter* EN Phytotoma raimondii .
  • Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens .
  • Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia .
  • Pacific Royal-Flycatcher VU Onychorhynchus occidentalis .
  • Gray-breasted Flycatcher VU Lathrotriccus griseipectus .
  • Piura Chat-Tyrant* NT Ochthoeca piurae .
  • Tumbes Tyrant* NT Tumbezia salvini .
  • Ochraceous Attila Attila torridus 0-1500
  • Rufous Flycatcher* Myiarchus semirufus .
  • Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus .
  • Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii .
  • Slaty Becard EN Pachyramphus spodiurus .
  • Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris .
  • Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei .
  • Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris .
  • White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis .
  • Gray-and-gold Warbler Basileuterus fraseri .
  • Three-banded Warbler Basileuterus trifasciatus .
  • Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus .
  • Cinereous Finch* Piezorhina cinerea .
  • Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex .
  • Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii .
  • Bay-crowned Brush-Finch Atlapetes seebohmi .
  • White-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes albiceps .
  • Pale-headed Brush-Finch** CR Atlapetes pallidiceps .
  • Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris .
  • Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei .
  • Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps .
  • White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae .
  • Saffron Siskin VU Carduelis siemiradzkii .



  • *Peruvian endemic
  • **Ecuadorian endemic
  • [] not recognised by Clements


Author: BSG

 

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