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IRACAMBI RNNP (Private Natural Heritage Reserve)



20o59´00S/42o31´00W (Rosario da Limeira) 500ha hilly and mountainous 750-1250m. 
EBA076 (marginally EBA075) mixed: pasture, marsh, eucalyptus and sugar cane, Atlantic premontane and montane degraded, regenerating and primary forest (200ha). 
October-April (November to February 2004-05 and January to June 2007) 
Map on Iracambi website (


Birding Site Guide


Take the bus from Rio de Janeiro to Muriae, Minas Gerais (bus c5.5hrs) and bus to village of Rosario da Limeira (c1.5hr). From central square get a taxi for c6km to Iracambi, ask for Iracambi Centro volunteer site (main house is Casa de Barro is 3 km away so don't go there). Accommodation is in separate buildings on site and is cheap, if staying for extended periods subsequent months are cheaper. Site owners are Robin and Binka, English is the first language of the research station, though Portuguese is welcome. If you have to stay at Muriae the Regal Hotel one street back from the main square is cheap and good US$8 (per night, single) good cheap evening meals are found at Carne & Cia, about 200m back off the far end of the main square. 
Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research and Conservation Centre (Reserva Particular Patrimônio Natural) welcomes paying researchers and volunteers and also tourists particularly birdwatchers (see website address below, they have satellite internet) costs are reasonable but check for latest prices) and the site is located just south of Brigadeiro State Park, MG (see site account for there), and is connected to it by good forest of another protected area the mountain Itajuru APA (APAs are Environmental Protection Areas). There is a further adjoining protected area Serradas Aranhas APA. 



The main volunteer accommodation is the Centro (Centre photo above), but there are other small houses for volunteer use all across the site. There are also private cabins available for a bit more and a birders cabin on the High Trail, so you can get out into primary forest by just stepping out the door. Iracambi has a well developed trail system, good trails for birds are the High Trail, Graminha Trail, Dawn Trail and Secret Valley Trail, maps and information are available at the centre (photo above) or on the website. 

a view from High Trail


The High Trail is 4.5km long and starts from the centre located at the N end of the fazenda, on an uphill track, over a stream to a junction in the road near 2 houses. To go clockwise take the left-hand road and follow it up the hill to a gate. As you look toward the gate take the track behind and to your right, up the hill through the eucalyptus plantation to the top of the hill. Here you will either carry straight on coming shortly to another gate, this is the start of the Graminha Trail. Alternatively at the top of the hill turn right and continue to another gate with a side squeeze for walkers. The path continues with good forest on either side, look for all the sought after species here, then you will cross 2 streams before reaching an open flat stone area. At the left bottom corner of this stone area the track continues steeply downhill still through good forest and comes out on a road, here go right and follow the track over the stream and through the eucalyptus plantation to the houses again. Here head left back over the stream the way you came. 

Graminha Trail, from the gate mentioned above, go through and follow this wide track birding the forest for all the sought after species for over half a km, you will eventually come to a junction, with Graminha mountain on your left. This is where the good forest ends. At this junction you can return the way you came or take the left fork downhill through forest and eventually coming out on the track above Casa de Barro. All the other trails are much shorter are also marked and are straight forward.

The site is a working farm as well as conservation research centre, and work is actively taking place to preserve and increase the natural forests in the area and to stop further fragmentation of remaining patches by planting forest corridors between fazendas forest patches. Other ways are being sought to bring income to local farmers from the forest, one initiative is the medicinal plant project. The main threats to the area come from mining companies who want to mine the huge deposits of bauxite in the area, and under Brazilian law the landowners only have rights to surficial features not to the minerals under the property which can be sold separately. Iracambi are actively working to get their RNNP and other protected areas exempt from mining, however it is an on-going battle. 

Sooty Grassquit, May 2007



Sooty Grassquit addition to Iracambi list, photo Bryan Wainwright 

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Species Notes

Iracambi has a large number of recorded species, during my 9 month stay I saw nearly every species on the list, I also compiled the list, as there had only been a preliminary list before with several questionable species on. The birds species total is 237 species in only 3 surveys (Lam and Wilkening 2001, Wainwright 2005 and 2008). Swallow-tailed Cotingas have been seen in December, 2004 in scrub along the road at Itajuru APA, Cinnamon-vented Piha (2004) can be found in the forest here. Blackish-blue Seedeater has been seen along the High Trail but has not recently recorded. See the full species list below. Combined species total for here and Serra do Brigadeiro State Park (see account) is 329 species.

As well as the bird list below, I wrote two papers on the birds at Iracambi, the first is Assessment of Iracambi's Birds the other being Verification of Bird Species Seen at Iracambi

Sought After Species, Conservation Concern Species and Endemics* 

White-necked Hawk* (VU), Mantled Hawk (NT), Blue-winged Macaw (NT), Plain Parakeet*, Dusky-throated Hermit*, Yellow-browed Woodpecker (NT), Band-tailed Hornero*, Pallid Spinetail*, White-collared Foliage-Gleaner*, Ochre-rumped Antbird* (NT), Ferruginous Antbird*, Southern Bristle-Tyrant (NT), Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher*, Grey-hooded Attila*, Pin-tailed Manakin*, Bare-throated Bellbird (VU), Swallow-tailed Cotinga (NT) Cinnamon-vented Piha* (NT), Rufous-headed Tanager*, Brassy-breasted Tanager*, Gilt-edged Tanager*, Golden-chevroned Tanager*, Brazilian Tanager*, Brown Tanager* (NT), Blackish-blue Seedeater (NT) Cinereous Warbling-Finch (VU)

Relevant BENES list

SOUTH & EAST BRAZIL FORESTS BENES (Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics list) 

  • List compiled by Bryan P. Wainwright. Species total 237 (with more 6 pending) last updated February 2007 (photos Elizabeth Forbes)
  • Species Recorded at Iracambi Scientific Name Portuguese Name
  • Non-Passerines full list sheet PORTUGUESE
  • Tinamiformes Tinamidae
  • Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus Inhambu-acu
  • Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris Inhambu-chororo
  • Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa Inhambu-chinta
  • Podicipediformes Podicipedidae
  • Least Grebe Podiceps dominicus Mergulhao-pequeno
  • Pelecaniiformes Anhingidae
  • Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Bigua-tinga
  • Ciconiiformes Ardeidae
  • Great Egret Casmerodius alba Garca-branca
  • Striated Heron Butorides striatus Socozinho
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Garca-vaqueira
  • Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix Maria-faceira
  • Capped Heron Piloherodius pileatus Pilherodius pileatus
  • Anseriformes Anatidae
  • White-faced Tree Duck Dendrocygna viduata Irere
  • Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis Marreca-pe-vermelho
  • Falconiformes Cathartidae
  • Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Urubu
  • Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Urubu-de-cebeca-vermelha
  • Falconiformes Accipitridae
  • Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsoni Gaviaozinho
  • Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Gaviao-tesoura
  • Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea Gaviao-sauveiro
  • White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus Gaviao-de-rabo-branco
  • Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris Gaviao-carijo
  • Grey Hawk Buteo nitidus Gaviao-pedres
  • Mantled Hawk* VU Th EN Leucopternis polionota Gaviao-pomba
  • White-necked Hawk* VU Th EN Leucopternis lacernulata Gaviao-pomba
  • Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis Gaviao-caboclo
  • Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga Gavião-preto
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Gaviaozinho
  • Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens gavião-pernilongo
  • Falconiformes Falconidae
  • Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans Acaua
  • Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus Gaviao-relogio
  • Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis Gaviao-cabure
  • Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima Carrapateiro, Pinhe
  • Crested Caracara Polyborus plancus Caracara
  • Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis Falcao-morcegueiro
  • Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis Falcao-de-coleira
  • American Kestrel Falco sparverius Quiriquiri
  • Galliformes Cracidae
  • Dusky-legged Guan LC Th VU Penelope obscura Jacuacu, Jacu
  • Gruiformes Rallidae
  • Blackish Rail Rallus nigricans Saracura-sana
  • Grey-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea Saracura-tres-potes
  • Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura Saracura-do-mato
  • Common Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Frango-d'agua
  • Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica Frango-d'agua-azul
  • Gruiformes Cariamidae
  • Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata Seriema
  • Charadriiformes Jacanidae
  • Wattled Jacana Janaca janaca Piacoca
  • Charadriiformes Charadriidae
  • Southern Lapwing Vanellas chilensis Quero-quero
  • Columbiformes Columbidae
  • Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
  • Picazuro Pigeon Columba picazuro Pomba-asa-branca
  • Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis pomba-galega
  • Plumbeous Pigeon Colomba plumbea Pomba-amargosa
  • Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti Rolinha
  • Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa Pomba-de-espelho
  • White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Juriti
  • Psittaciformes Psittacidae
  • Blue-winged Macaw NT -- -- Propyrrhura maracana Maracana
  • Reddish-bellied Parrotlet Pyrrhura frontalis
  • White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus Periquitao-maracana
  • Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius Tuim
  • Plain Parakeet* Brotogeris tirica
  • Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani Maitaca-de-Maximiliano
  • Reddish-bellied Parrotlet Pyrrhura frontalis
  • Cuculiformes Cuculidae
  • Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Alma-de-gato
  • Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Anu-preto
  • Guira Cuckoo Guira guira Anu-branco
  • Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia Peixe-frito
  • Strigiformes Tytonidae
  • Barn Owl Tyto alba Suindara
  • Strigiformes Strigidae
  • Tropical Screech Owl Otus choliba Corujinha-do-mato
  • Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia Coruja-buraqueira
  • Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae
  • Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis Curiango
  • Apodiformes Apodidae
  • White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris andorinhão-de-coleira
  • Apodiformes Trochilidae
  • Black Jacobin Melanotrochilus fuscus Beija-flor-preto-e-branco
  • Dusky-throated Hermit* Phaethornis squalidus Rabo-branco-miudo
  • Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei Rabo-branco-de-sobre-amarelo
  • Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber Besourinho-da-mata
  • Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura Tesourao
  • Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostibon aureoventris Besourinho-do-bico-vermelho
  • Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis Beija-flor-de-fronte-violeta
  • White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis Papo-branco
  • Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactae Beija-flor-de-peito-azul
  • Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata beija-flor-de-garganta-verde
  • Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina Estrelinha
  • Trogoniformes Trogonidae
  • White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis Surucua-violeta
  • Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura aurantius (surucuá-de-peito-azul)
  • Coraciiformes Alcedinidae
  • Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Martim-pescador-grande
  • Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana Martim-pescador-pequeno
  • Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea Martim-pescador-miudinho
  • Piciformes Bucconidae
  • White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru Joao-bobo
  • Piciformes Ramphastidae
  • Black-necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari Aracari
  • Piciformes Picidae
  • White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus Pica-pau-anao-barrado
  • Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris Pica-pau-do-campo
  • Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros Pica-pau-verde-barrado
  • Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens Pica-pau-de-cabeca-amarela
  • Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula Pica-pau-bufador
  • Yellow-browed Woodpecker NT -- -- Piculus aurulentus Pica-pau-dourado
  • White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus Birro
  • Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus Pica-pau-pequeno
  • Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus Pica-pau-de-banda-branca
  • Robust Woodpecker LC LC Th Campephilus robustus Pica-pau-rei
  • Yellow-eared Woodpecker* Veniliornis maculifrons pica-pauzinho-de-testa-pintada
  • Passerines
  • Passeriformes Furnariinae
  • Band-tailed Hornero* Furnarius figulus Casaca-de-couro-da-lama
  • Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus Joao-de-barro
  • Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens Ui-pi
  • Spix's Spinetail Synallaxis spixi Joao-tenenem
  • Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla Pichochore
  • Grey-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens Joao-tenenem-da-mata
  • Pallid Spinetail* Cranioleuca pallida Arredio-palido
  • Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea Curutié
  • Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons Joao-de-pau
  • Firewood Gatherer Anumbius anumbi Cochicho
  • Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans Bico-virado-carijo
  • Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus Bico-virado-do-sul
  • Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata Lipa-folha-quiete
  • Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner Philydor rufus Limpa-folha-testa-baia
  • White-collared Foliage-Gleaner* Anabazenops fuscus Trepador-coleira
  • White-eyed Foliage-Gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus Barranqueiro-de-olho-branco
  • Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor Vlra-folha-vermelho
  • Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura Joao-porca
  • Passeriformes Dendrocolaptinae
  • Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus Arapacu-verde
  • White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis Arapacu-de-garganta-branca
  • Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus Arapacu-escamado
  • Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris Arapacu-do-cerrado
  • Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius Arapacu-de-bico-torto
  • Passeriformes Formicariidae
  • Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa Borralhara
  • Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea Matracao
  • Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus Choca-de-chapeu-vermelho
  • Eastern Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus punctatus
  • Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens Choca-da-mata
  • Ferruginous Antbird* Drymophila ferruginea Trovoada
  • Ochre-rumped Antbird* NT -- -- Drymophila ochropyga Trovoada-ocre
  • White-shouldered Fire-Eye Pyriglena leucoptera Papa-taoca
  • Passeriformes Conopophagidae
  • Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata Chupa-dente
  • Passeriformes Rhinocryptidae
  • Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater
  • Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae Tapaculo-preto
  • Passeriformes Tyranninae
  • Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster Guaracavaode-barriga-amarela
  • Olivaceous Elaenia Elaenia mesoleuca Tuque
  • Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum Risadinha
  • Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus Piolhinho
  • Southern Bristle-Tyrant NT -- -- Phylloscartes eximius Barbudinho
  • Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus Cabecudo
  • Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris Abre-asa-de-cabeca-cinza
  • Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis Miudinho
  • Orche-faced Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum plumbeiceps Ferreirinho-de-cara-canela
  • Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum coloreum Relógio o ferreirinho
  • Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher* Todirostrum poliocephalum Ferreirinho
  • Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi Estalador-do-sul
  • White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus Patinho
  • Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens Bico-chato-de-orelha-preta
  • Bran-coloured Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus (rufescens) Filipe
  • Euler's Flycatcher Empidonax euleri Enferrujado
  • Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus Papa-moscas-cinzento
  • Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea Gibao-de-couro
  • Grey Monjita Xolmis cinerea Maria-branca
  • White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata Noivinha-branca
  • Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys Suiriri-pequeno
  • Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus Suiriri-cavaleiro
  • Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa Tesoura-do-brejo
  • Shear-tailed Grey-Tyrant Muscipipra vetula Tesourinha-cinza
  • Masked Water Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta Lavadeira-mascarada
  • White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala Lavadeira-de-cabeca-branca o freirinha

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant (M. Forbes 2007)

    • Grey-hooded Attila* Attila rufus Capitao-de-saira
    • Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox Maria-cavaleira
    • Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
    • Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni Irrê
    • Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua Neinei
    • Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Bentevi
    • Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis Bentevizinho-penacho-vermelho
    • Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus Bentevi-rajado
    • Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius Bentevi-pirata
    • Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius Peitica
    • Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Suiriri
    • White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis Suiriri-de-arganta-branca
    • Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Tesourinha
    • Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes Maria-preta-de-penacho
    • Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis borboletinha-do0mato
    • Passeriformes Cotingidae
    • Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis Caneleiro-verde
    • White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus Caneleiro-preto
    • Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus Caneleiro-borado
    • Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor Araponguinha-de-cara-preta
    • Passeriformes Pipridae
    • Thrush-like Mourner Schiffornis turdinus Flautlm-marrom
    • Greenish Mourner Schiffornis virescens Flautim-verde
    • Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata Tangara
    • White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus Rendeira
    • Pin-tailed Manakin* Ilicura militaris Tangarazinho
    • Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus Bico-agudo
    • Bare-throated Bellbird VU -- VU Procnias nudicollis Arapongo
    • Oscine Passerines
    • Passeriformes Corvidae
    • Curl-crested Jay Cyanocorax cristatellus Gralha-do-cerrado
    • Passeriformes Hirundinidae
    • Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne tapera Andorinha-serrador
    • Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea Andorinha-domestica-grande
    • White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa Andorinha-de-rabadilha-branca
    • Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca Andorinha-pequena-de-casa
    • Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Andorinha-serrador
    • Passeriformes Troglodytidae
    • Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus Japacanim
    • House Wren Troglodytes aedon Corruira
    • Passeriformes Turdidae
    • Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris Sabia-leranjeira
    • Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus Sabia-poca
    • Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas Sabia-barranco
    • White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis Sabia-coleira
    • Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes sabiaúna
    • Passeriformes Mimidae
    • Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus Sabia-do-campo
    • Passeriformes Motacillidae
    • Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens Caminheiro-zumbidor
    • Passeriformes Vireonidae
    • Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis Pitiguari
    • Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus chivi Juruviara
    • Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis Verdinho-coroado
    • Passeriformes Parulinae
    • Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis Pia-cobra
    • Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus Pula-pula
    • Passeriformes Thraupinae
    • Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana Sai-azul
    • Bananaquit Coereba flaveola Cambacica
    • Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum Figuinha-de-crisso-castanho
    • Rufous-headed Tanager* Hemithraupis ruficapilla Saira-da-mata
    • Hooded Tanger Nemosia pileata Saíra-de-chapéu-preto
    • Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida Saira-canario
    • Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana Saira-amarelo

Burnished-buff Tanager (M. Forbes 2007)



  • Brassy-breasted Tanager* Tangara desmaresti Saira-lagarta
  • Gilt-edged Tanager* LC -- -- IBA 075 Tangara cyanoventris Douradinha
  • Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica Gaturamo-fi-fi
  • Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea Gaturamo-rei
  • Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis Sai-andorinha
  • Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum Sanhaco-de-coqueiro
  • Golden-chevroned Tanager* Thraupis ornata Sanhaco-de-encontro-amarelo
Golden-chevroned Tanager (M. Forbes 2007)


* indicates an endemic species 

Taxonomy follows Sick, H. (1998) for non-passerines, and Ridgely, R. (1989, 1994) for passerines.

International status follow Birdlife International: E?=probably extinct; EN=endangered; VU=vulnerable; Th=Threatened; NT=near threatened; LC=least concern on Red List of birds. 

The same letters second in the line implies the same designations but at national level.

The same letters in third in the line implies the same designations but at state level, (Minas Gerais). 

IBA=Important Bird Area and refers to restricted range species as Birdlife International 

Other Fauna 



Amphibians, list by Stefanie Rog (2005)


Reptiles, list by J. Buckley, F. Lawlor, De Montford team De Montford, Clive Toase, Kim Maynard, Carl Shannon (2001)





Tree list by Marcelo Mendes

Lists originally created by B.P. Wainwright (2005) for Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research and Conservation Centre (unless otherwise stated). 

Author: B.P. Wainwright 


BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone s 

National and State status follow Fundacao Biodiversitas (1998)