21o17´S/42o30´W 13,210ha mountainous c850-2000m (Soares peak) 
EBA076 40% Primary Atlantic montane, 25% regenerating and 25% degraded forest and 10% fields (data from the park proposal which was for a 32,500ha park but this was reduced in size upon designation) October-April (November to February 2004-05 and 11.05.07)


Birding Site Guide

Located 290km ese of Belo Horizonte. Can access from Iracambi RNNP (see site account) by walking n through Itajuru APA (APAs are environmental protection areas), which adjoins the state park on the s side, ask at Iracambi. Alternatively go from Rio de Janeiro to Viçosa, Minas Gerais (bus c6hrs). There is accommodation for researchers at the Fazenda Neblina but no official accommodation for tourists and camping is not allowed in the park, there are cheap hotels in all towns and villages mentioned as well as a small cheap hotel at Araponga (immediately w of park). In Viçosa, if you have to spend the night, the cheapest place is the pleasant Hotel Rubim (cUS$3 per person per night), just off the main square. From the bus station go out left to bend on road cross this and head right down the paved shopping area and follow for a few 100m till you come to the main square, as you reach the square take the side road to the left and follow it a short way to a left bend, Hotel Rubim is on this corner. More expensive hotels can be found by going around this bend and past the banks, continue a short way till you find 2 hotels. For internet shops, from the bus station head left to the bend but go left around the bend (not right to hotels) and just near the garage is an internet and games cafe. Alternatively walk about a km along the same road and before the junction on the right there are 2 more smaller internet shops.

The Fazenda Neblina visitor centre, which is 3 years old, is located just west of the village of Bom Jesus da Madeira on the road that runs from Araponga to Fervedouro, there is also a museum and accommodation for 10 researchers and a Centre of Ecological Studies and Ambient Education, run by Lúcio de Souza Leoni and Antonio Cosenza Pear but tourists cannot stay. (buses or taxis can take you there). 

Trails are located throughout the park, though there are few within easy reach of the visitor centre and a vehicle is needed to reach most. Popular places such as Soares Peak and Fazenda de Brigadeiro are some way n of the visitor centre. There are useful leaflets to trails available at the centre and also a scale model showing all the higher peaks and attractions. Note many trails have similar names! A guide from town will be needed for many of the walks and the Grupo de Proteção Ambiental de Araponga can provide one, ask in the small town.

Vale das Piscinas 4.2km requires guide 3.5hrs

Pico da Ararica 3.5hrs

Pico do Cruzeiro 3.5hrs

Pico do Boné 4hrs

Pico do Grama 2hrs

Pico do Matipó 3.5hrs

Pico do Itajuru 2hrs (just outside park boundaries in a municipal protected area)

Pico do Soares 4hrs

Pedra Branca 40mins

Pedra do Cruzeiro 2hr 40m. At Araponga it is possible to visit Pedra do Cruzeiro, a 2hr 40 minute walk up to a view point overlooking the town. There is a coincrete hut here where you are allowed to camp. The Pedra is reached by heading up the hill in the town centre and out of town with the main large church on your left as you ascend. The large rock hill visible straight ahead is where the trail goes up, on the left side. There is also a trail to the right side of the hill which goes to some small cavern, which are fairly interesting and where a few fruit bats can be found roosting. A guide from town will be needed for the caves.

Pedra do Pato 4hrs

Pedra do Rochedo 3hrs

Saco do Bode 4hrs

Serra das Cabeças 30mins

Rochedo-2 3hrs

Cabeceira do Rio Casca 2hrs

Pocinho do Rochedo 3hr 40m

Trilha da Moega 1hr 15m

Trilha do Carvão 20mins

Trilha do Encontro 2mins

Trilha Pai Inácio 1hr

Trilha do Rochedo 2hrs

Trilha da Serrinha 2mins

Trilha do Pico do Cruzeiro 3.5hrs

Trilha da Lajinha 2mins

Fazenda do Brigadeiro

Ermida Antônio Martins 12mins 

Alternative access to the sw edge is obtained by travelling the road through Ervalia (taxis can take you, if no buses) and keep going for a few km till you see good forest on the largest mountains in area. As you approach the forest on your left, stop at the last pasture field on a steep domed hill. Walk up the hill with the forest on your right and a stream on your left. As you reach the brow of the hill the pasture narrows towards a small citrus orchard, go through this to the forest behind and follow till it crosses the stream a short way on. Bird the path through the forest to the top of the hill (a couple of hours). At the top the path becomes narrow, overgrown and indistinct with smaller side paths, returning the way you came is the safest action. 

Or continue by car for a couple of km and when you reach a `T´ junction of paths/roads with scrub forest on your right and a valley then mountain of primary forest on left then stop. This is the area where Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Bare-throated Bellbird and Cinnamon-vented Piha have been found. There are trails from here into the forest and around the mountain, there are many side tracks, take note of the way you came or use GPS. One or 2 days is enough for a visit. 

There is a further adjoining protected area Serradas Aranhas APA and also Graminha mountain, both have good forest and roads and trails (see Iracambi account for more details). 

Conservation is good and there are other protected places in the area, there are also many scattered small forest fragments all around the area with no formal protection. The possibility of bauxite mining is a threat to much of the forest and farms in the area. In the 1990s ‘some people’ carrying out management work, accidentally burnt down a good sized area of the park’s forest.

Species Notes

Serra do Brigadeiro State Park has a large number of recorded species, birds species total was 309 species (1999), there has been a 10 year survey done by Viçosa University. Combined species total for here and Iracambi (see account) is 329 species. Swallow-tailed Cotingas have been seen in December, 2004 in scrub along the road at Itajuru APA, Cinnamon-vented Piha (2004) can be found in the forest here. Three-toed Jacamar has recently been added to the list. On my brief visits I saw nothing exceptional but birding was good. 

Sought After Species, Conservation Concern Species and Endemics* 

White-necked Hawk* (VU), Blue-winged Macaw (NT), Plain Parakeet*, Dusky-throated Hermit*, Brazilian Ruby*, Three-toed Jacamar* (EN), Saffron Toucanet (NT), Yellow-browed Woodpecker (NT), Yellow-eared Woodpecker*, Band-tailed Hornero*, Pallid Spinetail*, White-collared Foliage-Gleaner*, Ochre-rumped Antbird* (NT), Ferruginous Antbird*, Spotted Bamboo-Wren (NT), White-breasted Tapaculo* (NT), Southern Bristle-Tyrant (NT), Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher*, Grey-hooded Attila*, Velvety Black-Tyrant*, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant*, Hooded Berryeater* (NT), Cinnamon-vented Piha* (NT), Pin-tailed Manakin*, Bare-throated Bellbird (VU), Swallow-tailed Cotinga (NT), Cinnamon-vented Piha* (NT), Rufous-headed Tanager*, Brassy-breasted Tanager*, Gilt-edged Tanager*, Golden-chevroned Tanager*, Brazilian Tanager*, Brown Tanager* (NT), Blackish-blue Seedeater (NT) Cinereous Warbling-Finch (VU) 

Relevant BENES list 

SOUTH & EAST BRAZIL FORESTS BENES (Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics list) 

Dusky-legged Guan, Robust Woodpecker, Rufous-capped Motmot, Such´s Anthtrush, Variegated Antpitta, Sharpbill, Red-ruffed Fruit-Crow 


Scientific Name and Portuguese Name 

  • BIRDS OF BRIGADEIRO STATE PARK 1999 (Simon et al.)
  • Tinamidae
  • Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus Inhambu-açu
  • Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus pavirostris
  • Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa
  • Anatidae
  • Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis Marreca-pé-vermelho
  • Cracidae
  • Dusky-legged Guan LC Th VU Penelope obscura Jacu-açu
  • Podicipedidae
  • Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus Mergulhão-pequeno
  • Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Mergulhão
  • Cathartidae
  • Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Urubu-da-cabeça-vermelha
  • Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus Urubu-da-cabeça-amarela
  • Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Urubu
  • Accipitridae
  • Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis Gavião-da-cabeça-cinza
  • Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Gavião-tesoura
  • White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus Peneira
  • Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea Sovi
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Gaviãozinho
  • ? Hawk Accipiter sp. (cf. A. erythronemius) Gavião-miudo
  • Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens Gavião-pernilongo
  • White-necked Hawk* VU Th EN Leucopternis sp. (cf. L. lacernulata) Gvaião-pomba
  • Grey Hawk Asturina nitida Gavião-pedrês
  • Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubutinga Gavião-preto
  • Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis Gavião-caboclo
  • Roadside Hawk Rupornis (Buteo) magnirostris Gavião-carijó
  • Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus Gavião-de-rabo-curto
  • White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus Gavião-do-rabo-branco
  • Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus Gavião-pega-macaco
  • Falconidae
  • Crested Caracara Polyborus plancus Caracará, carcará
  • Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima Carrapateiro, pinhé
  • Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans Acauã
  • Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis Gavião-relógio
  • Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus Gavião-mateiro
  • American Kestrel Falco sparverius Quiri-quiri
  • Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis Falcão-de-coleira
  • Rallidae
  • Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides sp. (cf. A. saracura) Saracura-do-mato
  • Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus sp. (cf. L. melanophaius) Pinto-d’água
  • Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis Saracura-sanã-carijó
  • Blackish Rail Rallus nigricans Saracura-sanã
  • Cariamidae
  • Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata Seriema
  • Charadriidae
  • Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis Quero-quero
  • Scolopacidae
  • Common Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae Narceja
  • Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata Narcejão
  • Columbidae
  • Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti Rolinha
  • Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa Rolinha-azul
  • Rock Dove Columba livia Pombo-doméstico
  • Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro Pomba-asa-branca, trocal
  • Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis Pomba-galega
  • Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea Pomba-amargosa
  • Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata Avoante
  • White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Juriti
  • Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla Jurirti-gemedeira
  • Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana Pariri
  • Psittacidae
  • White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophhtalma Periquitão-maracanã
  • Blue-winged Macaw NT -- -- Primolius maracana Maracanã
  • Reddish-bellied Parrotlet Pyrrhura frontalis Tiriba
  • Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius Tuim
  • Red-capped Parrot Pionopsitta pileata Cuiú-cuiú
  • Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani Maritaca
  • Vinaceous-breasted Parrot Amazona vinacea m (fora do parque)
  • Cuculidae
  • Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Alma-de-gato
  • Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Anu-preto
  • Guira Cuckoo Guira guira (fora do parque)
  • Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia Peixe-frito, saci
  • Tytonidae
  • Barn Owl Tyto alba
  • Strigidae
  • Tropical Screech Owl Otus(Megascops) choliba Corujinha-do-mato
  • Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana Murucututu-de-barriga-amarela
  • Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila
  • Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum Caburé
  • Burrowing Owl Speotyto (Athene) cunicularia
  • Nyctibiidae
  • Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus Urutau, mãe-da-lua
  • Caprimulgidae
  • Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus Tuju
  • Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis Bacurau, curiango
  • Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus Bacurau-ocelado
  • Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus sp. (cf. C. longisrostris) Bacurau-da-telha
  • Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis brasiliana Bacuarau-tesoura
  • Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata Bacurau-tesoura-gigante
  • Apodidae
  • White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris Andorinhão-de-coleira
  • Sick's Swift Chaetura meridionalis Andorinhão-do-temporal
  • Trochilidae
  • Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta Balança-rabo-de-bico-torto
  • Dusky-throated Hermit* Phaethornis squalidus Rabo-branco-miúdo
  • Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber Besourinho-da-mata
  • Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei Rabo-branco-de-sobre-amarelo
  • Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome Rabo-branco-de-garganta-rajada
  • Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura Tesourão
  • Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca Beija-flor-preto-e-branco
  • White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris Beija-flor-de-orelha-violeta
  • Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricolis x
  • Black-breasted Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi Beija-flor-de-topete
  • Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris Besourinho-de-bico-vermelho
  • Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis Beija-flor-de-fronte-violeta
  • White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus Beija-flor-roxo
  • White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis Papo-branco
  • Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor Beija-flor-de-banda-branca
  • Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata
  • Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea
  • Brazilian Ruby* Clytolaema rubricauda Beija-flor-rubi
  • Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrhochloris Beija-flor-cinza
  • Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina Estrelinha
  • Trogonidae
  • Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura Surucuá-de-peito-azul
  • Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus Surucuá-de-barriga-amarela
  • Alcedinidae
  • Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata Martim-pescador-grande
  • Momotidae
  • Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus Juruva
  • Galbulidae
  • Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
  • Bucconidae
  • White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru João-bobo
  • Ramphastidae
  • Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus Tucano-de-bico-preto
  • Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus Tucano-de-bico-verde
  • Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris Araçari-poca
  • Saffron Toucanet NT -- -- Baillonius bailloni Araçari-banana
  • Picidae
  • White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus Pica-pau-anão-barrado
  • White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus Birro, pica-pau-branco
  • Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons Benedito-de-testa-amarela
  • Yellow-eared Woodpecker* Veniliornis maculifrons Picapauzinho-de-testa-pintada
  • Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula Pica-pau-bufador
  • Yellow-browed Woodpecker NT -- -- Piculus aurulentus
  • Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros Pica-pau-verde-barrado
  • Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris Pica-pau-do-campo
  • Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens Pica-pau-de-cabeça-amarela
  • Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus Pica-pau-de-banda-branca
  • Robust Woodpecker LC LC Th Campephilus robustus Pica-pau-rei
  • Sub-order Suboscines
  • Superfamily Furnarioidea
  • Furnariidae
  • Furnariinae
  • Band-tailed Hornero* Furnarius figulus Amassa-barro, casaca-de-couro-dalama
  • Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus João-de-barro
  • Subfamília Synallaxinae
  • Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla Pichororé
  • Grey-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens João-teneném-da-mata
  • Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens Ui-pi
  • Spix's Spinetail Synallaxis spixi João-teneném
  • Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida Arredio-pálido
  • Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomeus Mariquita-do-brejo, curutié
  • Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons João-de-pau, joão-graveto
  • Red-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus João-de-pau
  • Firewood Gatherer Anumbius annumbi Cochicho
  • Subfamily Philydorinae
  • White-browed Foliage-Gleaner Anabacertia amaurotis Limpa-folha-miúdo
  • Buff-browed Foliage-Gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata Trepador-quiete
  • Black-capped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor atricapillus Limpa-folha-coroado
  • Buff-fronted Foliage-Gleaner Philydor rufus Limpa-folha-testa-baia
  • White-collared Foliage-Gleaner* Anabazenops fuscus Trepador-de-coleira
  • Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus Trepador-de-sobrancelhas
  • White-eyed Foliage-Gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus
  • Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor Vira-folhas
  • Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura João-porca
  • Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus Trepadorzinho
  • Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans Bico-virado-carijó
  • Subfamily Dendrocolaptinae
  • Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus Arapaçu-verde
  • White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis Arapaçu-de-garganta-branca
  • Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris Arapaçu-grande
  • Buff-throated Woodcreeper? Xiphorhynchus fuscus Arapaçu-rajado
  • Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus Arapaçu-escamado
  • Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius Arapaçu-de-bico-torto
  • Thamnophilidae
  • Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus Chocão-carijó
  • Giant Antshrike Batara cinérea Matracão
  • Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
  • Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa Borralhara
  • Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens Choca-da-mata
  • Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus Choca-de-chapeú-vermelho
  • Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax Choquinha-de-peito-pintado
  • Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis Choquinha-lisa
  • Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis Choquinha-de-garganta-pintada
  • Serra Antwren Formicivora serrana Formigueiro-da-serra
  • Ferruginous Antbird* Drymophila ferruginea Trovoada
  • Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei Choquinha-da-serra
  • Ochre-rumped Antbird* NT -- -- Drymophila ochropyga Choquinha-de-dorso-vermelho
  • White-shouldered Fire-Eye Pyriglena leucoptera Papa-taoca-do-sul, olho-de-fogo
  • White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata Papa-formigas-de-grota
  • Formicariidae
  • Cryptic Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides Tovaca-cantador
  • Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia Tovacuçu
  • Conopophagidae
  • Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata Chupa-dente
  • Rhinocryptidae
  • Spotted Bamboowren NT -- -- Psilorhamphus guttatus Tapaculo-pintado
  • Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae Tapaculo-preto
  • White-breasted Tapaculo* NT -- -- Scytalopus indigoticus Macuquinho
  • Superfamily Tyrannoidea
  • Tyrannidae
  • Subfamily Elaeniinea
  • Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens Poiaeiro-verde
  • Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus Piolhinho
  • Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla Poiaeiro-serrano
  • Grey Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps Poaieiro-da-copa
  • Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster Maria-é-dia
  • Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis Garacava-grande
  • Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris Guaracava-de-bico-pequeno
  • Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura Tucão
  • Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum Risadinha
  • White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata Alegrinho
  • Southern Bristle-Tyrant NT -- -- Phylloscastes eximius Barbudinho
  • Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis Borboletinha-do-mato
  • Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris Abre-asa-de-cabeça-cinza
  • Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus Cabeçudo
  • Eared Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis auricularis Miudinho
  • Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops Olho-falso
  • Hangnest Tody-Tyrant* Hemitriccus nidipendulus Tachuri-campanhinha
  • Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher* Todirostrum poliocephalum Teque-teque, ferreirinho
  • Orche-faced Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum plumbeiceps Ferreirinho-de-cara-canela
  • Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens Bico-chato-de-orelha-preta
  • White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus Patinho
  • Subfamily Fluvicolinae
  • Bran-coloured Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus Filipe
  • Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus Assanhadinho-de-cauda-preta
  • Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea Gibão-de-couro
  • Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri Enferrujado
  • Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus Papa-moscas-cinzento
  • Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus (m) Verão
  • Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris Maria-preta-de-bico-azulado
  • Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes Maria-preta-de-penacho
  • Velvety Black-Tyrant* Knipolegus nigerrimus Maria-preta-de-garganta-vermelha
  • Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys Suiriri-pequeno
  • Grey Monjita Xolmis cinerea Maria-branca
  • White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata Noivinha-branca
  • Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant Muscipipra vetula Tesoura-cinzenta
  • Masked Water Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta Lavadeira-mascarada
  • Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus Viuvinha
  • Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa Tesoura-do-brejo
  • Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus Bentevi-do-gado
  • Subfamily Tyranninae
  • Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius Bentevi-pirata
  • Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayenensis Bentevizinho-de-asa-ferrugínea
  • Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis (m) Bentevizinho
  • Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Bentevi
  • Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus Bentevi-carijó
  • Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua Bentivi-de-bico-grosso
  • Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius Peitica
  • Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus Suiriri, siriri
  • White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis Suiriri-de-garganta-branca
  • Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Tesourinha
  • Sirystes Syristes sibilator Gritador
  • Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni Mosqueteiro-irrê
  • Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox Maria-cavaleira
  • Grey-hooded Attila* Attila rufus Capitão-de-saíra
  • Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis Caneleiro-verde
  • Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus Caneleiro
  • White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus Caneleiro-preto
  • Oxyruncidae
  • Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus Araponga-do-horto
  • Cotingidae
  • Hooded Berryeater* NT -- -- Carpornis cucullatus Corocochó
  • Bare-throated Bellbird VU -- VU Procnias nudicollis Araponga
  • Cinnamon Piha Lipaugus lanioides Tropeiro-da-serra
  • Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus Pavó
  • Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris Papinho-amarelo
  • Swallow-tailed Cotinga NT -- -- Phibalura flavirostris Tesourinha-da-mata
  • Vireonidae
  • Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis Pitiguari
  • Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Juruviara
  • Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis Verdinho-coroado
  • Grey-eyed Greenlet Hylophilus amaurocephalus Vite-vite-de-olho-cinza
  • Pipridae
  • Wied's Tyrant-Manakin? Neopelma crysolophum Fruxu
  • Pin-tailed Manakin* Ilicura militaris Tangarazinho
  • White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus Rendeira
  • Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata Tangará, dançador
  • Greenish Mourner Schiffornis virescens Flautim
  • Suborder Oscines
  • Hirundinidae
  • Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne (Progne) tapera Andorinha-do-campo
  • Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea Andorinha-doméstica-grande
  • Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon (Pygochelidon) cyanoleuca Andorinha-pequena-de-casa
  • Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgydopteryx ruficollis Androinha-serrador
  • Troglodytidae
  • House Wren Troglodytes aedon Corruíra, cambaxirra, garrincha
  • Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
  • Turdidae
  • Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes Sabiá-uma
  • Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris Sabiá-laranjeira
  • Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas Sabiá-barranco, sabiá-caraxué
  • Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus Sabiá-poca
  • White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis Sabiá-coleira, carachué-coleira
  • Mimidae
  • Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus Sabiá-do-campo
  • Motacillidae
  • Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens Caminheiro-zumbidor
  • Thraupidae
  • Brown Tanager* NT -- -- Orchesticus abeillei Sanhaço-pardo
  • Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus Bico-de-veludo
  • Magpie Tanager Cissops leveriana Tietinga
  • Hooded Tanger Nemosia pileata Saíra-mascarada
  • Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida Saíra-canário
  • Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps Cabecinha-castanha
  • Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops Tié-de-topete
  • Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus Tiê-preto
  • Brazilian Tanager* Ramphocelus bresilius Tié-sangue
  • Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca Sanhaço-cinzento
  • Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera Sanhaço-de-encontro-azul
  • Golden-chevroned Tanager* Thraupis ornata Sanhaço-de-encontro-amarelo
  • Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum Sanhaço-do-coqueiro
  • Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
  • Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota Viúva
  • Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
  • Brassy-breasted Tanager* Tangara desmaresti Saíra-lagarta
  • Gilt-edged Tanager* LC -- -- IBA 075 Tangara cyanoventris Douradinha
  • Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana Saíra-amarela
  • Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis
  • Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana Saí-azul
  • Rufous-headed Tanager* Hemithraupis ruficapilla Saíra-da-mata
  • Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
  • Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia (Diglossa) cyanea Bonito-do-campo
  • Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
  • Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava
  • Emberizidae
  • Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis Tico-tico
  • Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
  • Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor Cigarra-bambu
  • Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza l. lateralis
  • Cinereous Warbling-Finch* VU Th VU Poospiza cinerea
  • Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Canário-da-terra-verdadeiro
  • Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola
  • Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola Canário-do-campo
  • Great Pampa-Finch Embernagra platensis Sabiá-do-banhado
  • Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina Tiziu
  • Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens Coleirinho, papa-capim
  • Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis
  • Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
  • Dubois Seedeater S. n. ardesiaca Coleiro-baiano
  • Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens Coleirinho, papa-capim
  • Blackish-blue Seedeater NT Th VU Amaurospiza moesta
  • Pectoral Sparrow? Arremon semitorquatus Tico-tico-do-mato
  • Grey Pileated-Finch Coryphospingus pileatus Galinho-da-serra
  • Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosa (incerto)
  • Cardinalidae
  • Saltator fuliginosus Pimentão
  • Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis Trinca-ferro
  • Parulidae
  • Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis Pia-cobra
  • Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus Pula-pula
  • Icteridae
  • Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus Japu, rei-congo
  • Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous Guaxe, japira
  • Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi Melro, graúna
  • Yellow-rumped Marshbird Pseudoleistes guirahuro Chopim-do-brejo
  • Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis Chopim, gaudério, maria-preta
  • Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius (Chrysomus) ruficapillus Garibaldi
  • White-browed Blackbird Sturna superciliaris Polícia-inglesa-do-sul
  • Fringilidae
  • Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica Vi-vi
  • Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea Gaturamo-verdadeiro
  • Euphonia cyanocephala Gaturamo-rei
  • Bananaquit Coereba flaveola Cambacica, mariquita
  • Estrildidae
  • Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild bico-de-lacre
  • Passeridae
  • House Sparrow Passer domesticus pardal 
    * indicates an endemic species 

    Taxonomy follows Sick, H. (1998) for non-passerines, and Ridgely, R. (1989, 1994) for passerines. 

International status follow Birdlife International: E?=probably extinct; EN=endangered; VU=vulnerable; Th=Threatened; NT=near threatened; LC=least concern on Red List of birds. 

The same letters second in the line implies the same designations but at national level. The same letters in third in the line implies the same designations but at state level, (Minas Gerais). 

IBA=Important Bird Area and refers to restricted range species as Birdlife International 

Other Fauna 

Southeastern Common Opossum

Didelphis aurita

White-eared Opossum

Didelphis albiventris

Common Grey Four-eyed Opossum

Philander opossum

Murine Mouse Opossum

Marmosa murina

Grey Slender Mouse Opossum

Marmosops incanus

Southern Tamandua

Tamandua tetradactyla CITES App. II

Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth

Bradypus variegatus

Seven-banded Long-nosed Armadillo

Dasypus novemcinctus

Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo

Dasypus septemcinctus

Spear-nosed Bats

Phyllostomus spp.

Woolly False Vampire Bat

Chrotopterus auritus

Hairy-legged Long-tongued Bats

Anoura caudifer

Short-tailed Fruit Bat

Carollia perspicillata

Yellow-shouldered or Hairy-legged Fruit Bat

Sternira lilium

Common Vampire Bat

Desmodus rotundus


Casiurus borealis

Buffy-tufted-eared Marmoset

Callithrix jacchus aurita

Masked Titi Monkey

Callicebus personatus CITES App. II, IUCN

critically endangered

Brown Capuchin Monkey

Cebus apella CITES App. II, IUCN critically


Brown Howler Monkey

Alouatta fusca CITES App. II, IUCN

critically endangered

Woolly Spider Monkey

Brachyteles arachnoides


? Zorro

Dusicyon thobus


Crab-eating Raccoon

Procyon cancrivorus


South American Coati

Nasua nasua



Galictis vitata



Eira barbara



Felis yagourandi



Leopardus pardalis CITES App. I,



Leopardus tigrina CITES App. I,



Puma concolor



Panthera onca CITES App. I,


Collared Peccary

Tayassu tajacu CITES App. II,


Red Brocket

Mazama americana


Brazilian Squirrel

Sciurus aestuans


? Atlantic Forest Rat

Delomys sublineatus


? Climbing Rat

Rhipidomys mastacalis


? Grass Mouse

Akodon cursor


? Grass Mouse

Akodon nigrita


? Grass Mouse

Akodon serrensis


? Grass Mouse

Wilfreomys pictipes


? Long-nosed Mouse

Oxymycterus roberti


Orange-spined Hairy-dwarf Porcupine

Coendou spinosus



Cavia aperea


? Cavy

Cavia fulgida



Agouti paca



Sylvilagus brasiliensis





















































































Over 1,600 species of plants (including 170 orchids and 4 species new to science) had been identified before the park was designated. 


BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone


National and State status follow Fundacao Biodiversitas (1998)

Simon, J. E.; Ribon, R, Mattos, G. T. e Abreu, C. R. M. 1999. A Avifauna do Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro, Sudeste de Minas Gerais. Revista

Arvore, 23 (1): 33-48. 

Annonymous (1999) flora and fauna Serra do Brigadeiro State Park, University of Viçosa (adapted and updated by Wainwright, B.P. from an excel sheet stored on computer at Iracambi) 

Fazenda Neblina, Centre of Ecological Studies and Ambient Education, Serra do Brigadeiro State Park, Minas Gerais. - 12k - 

Author: BSG