region (near), (Compass)

 Lat:00o00´S/00o00´W ha topography msl 
Protected/registered status 
Best Time for visit (14th November, 2006)


Birding Site Guide

I visited this site by car with 2 Brazilian Ornithologists, Cassiano and Andre, both who work in the area and know the birds very well. They are both good sources of information and speak good English. I stayed in the town of Ilheus which has a nice church. We stayed in Posada Brisa do Mar for R20 per person including breakfast. There is also internet and a few OK restaurants in town. Lebanese cuisine is the speciality here. There is also a fantastic ice cream parlour. A visit to Una Ecoparque would normally have to be arranged in advance. The Reserva Biological is apparently very difficult to get permission to visit but the birds are very similar. Bahia Tapaculo and Red-billed Curassow have both been seen at the reserves and Cassiano studied both of these species.

 After entering, we parked by a small wetland on the right after which there is a trail entering the forest. This has great birding and we saw Zone-tailed Hawk, Black-eared Fairy, Cinnamon and Greyish Mourners and Temminck's Seedeater (very vocal). We also heard Screaming Piha, Pileated Antren and Blue-throated Parakeet. The trail leads to a canopy walkway which was an excellent place to spend a couple of hours in the mourning. From the small wetland (look out for Lesser Kiskadee) go up the hill and along the road for a few hundred metres where there is a small opening on the right where a trail starts. A few minutes down here is a small stream. Near here in very dense undergrowth is a territory for Bahia Tapaculo. Red-billed Curassow is difficult at Una I saw 66 species including 6 lifers 

Species seen 

  • Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
  • Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
  • Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris Possibly seen
  • Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
  • Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
  • Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea
  • Blue-throated Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata Endemic Vulnerable Heard only
  • Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica Endemic
  • Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
  • Guira Cuckoo Guira guira Seen on the way to Una
  • Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Possibly seen
  • Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
  • Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita
  • White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis
  • Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis
  • Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
  • Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans Possibly seen
  • White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus Heard only
  • Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina Heard only
  • Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
  • Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus
  • Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
  • Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius Heard only
  • Band-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula urosticta Endemic Endangered Heard only
  • Pileated Antwren Herpsilochmus pileatus Endemic Vulnerable Heard only
  • Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
  • Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans Heard only
  • White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra
  • Eastern Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus Endemic
  • Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdinus Heard only
  • White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme
  • Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
  • Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus Heard only
  • Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
  • Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus Photographed
  • Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus Heard only
  • Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra
  • Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex Heard only
  • Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor Photographed
  • Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
  • Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua Heard only
  • Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
  • Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius Heard only
  • Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
  • Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
  • Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
  • Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis Heard only
  • Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
  • Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
  • Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis Heard only
  • Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
  • Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
  • Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
  • White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
  • Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius Endemic
  • Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
  • Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
  • Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana
  • Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia
  • Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
  • Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
  • Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris Endemic Vulnerable
  • Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
  • Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
  • Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
  • Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous

Other Fauna 
A total of -- species of mammals. 

There are -- recorded species of amphibians and reptiles. 


Author: Charles Hesse