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Twenty-second Annual Report

Adrian Scutt

&

Clive Featherstone

A total year list of 145 species was achieved. There were two new additions to the site total which now stands at 233. The first new bird, was a White Stork on the 24th and 25th of April. The second was a Cetti’s Warbler on the 12th of July, this record was obtained by a non regular birder.

Britain had the hottest day of the year on the 13th of September; it was also the hottest September since 1906, when the temperature rose to 35.6 degrees. It was also the first time the temperature had exceeded 32 degrees since September 1949

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis. Birds were recorded in every month except June & July. They were present from the 1st of January to the 25th of March; with a maximum count of eight, on the 23rd of February. In April present from the 1st to the 13th all the records were of single birds except for three on the 4th. In May one on the 9th was the only record.

In August there was one on the 8th, and two on Went Ings from the 26th to the 31st. In September single birds were recorded on five dates. In October recorded on seven dates, with a maximum of six on the 24th. During the final two months birds were recorded regularly with a good count of 13 on the 13th of November.

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus. The maximum count for the year was 31 birds on the 8th of June. Once again there was no breeding, despite pairs being present. The monthly maxima are as listed in the table.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

23

16

27

23

28

31

30

24

20

27

30

21

Black-necked Grebe P. nigricollis. The only records for the year were single immatures on the 7th & 29th of July and the 17th of August.

Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo. The maximum count for the year was 69 on the 2nd of November. The monthly totals are as listed in the table.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

26

31

28

22

21

19

15

28

56

67

69

31

Little Egret Egretta garzetta. Recorded in every month. The maximum count was 18 on the 12th of September.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

2

2

5

10

4

4

15

8

18

8

2

1

Great White Egret E. alba. On the 19th of November one flew in form the east and landed on Went Ings for five minutes it then flew off westwards.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea. The maximum count for the year was of 15 23rd of July. The monthly maxima are as follows.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

4

3

3

6

7

7

15

7

7

3

2

3

White Stork Ciconia ciconia This was reported to Bird News, late evening of the 24th of April by a Robert Heery. It was found at 20:20 hours and had probably just arrived.

Luckily the bird roosted overnight. The next morning quite a few of the Doncaster regulars got to see this first for the reservoirs. It was observed from the Fishermen's car park as it walked around, feeding, in a field adjacent to the Barrier Bank on Went Ings. It kept disappearing at times behind the hedgerows along the field boundary as it strode around the field. At 09:00 during one of these disappearances, it took to flight; luckily Adrian saw this and the few birders there at the time were able to see it in flight. There was a brisk wind blowing from the north at the time but the Stork managed to gain a bit of height, circled the Ings a few times, then it started heading southwards and was lost from view behind a stand of trees. A couple of hours later it was then seen over Thorne Moors. (R.H.)

Mute Swan Cygnus olor. The maximum count for the year was 16 on Went Ings on the 16th of March. In April an adult was noted sat on a nest, but this was deserted as the floodwaters on Went Ings receded. In May a new nest was built at the aqueduct; and on the 30th of July four cygnets were seen, but were down to three on the 27th of August.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

11

10

16

12

13

12

12

6

4

8

11

8

Whooper Swan C. cygnus. In March birds were heard going north in foggy conditions on the 11th. On the morning of the 24th, four were on the reservoirs at 06:15 they departed to the west at 07:55. A herd of 38 flew north on the evening of the 25th. The following morning there were 39 on the reservoirs at 06:40, these flew off north-west at 08:42. In April; on the 1st c.60 flew off the reservoirs at 07:00 heading north-west. On the 3rd eight flew in and alighted on the reservoirs at 08:35 they departed east at 09:13.

In October the only record was of 15 birds, on the 21st; six on the reservoirs, which flew off south, with a further nine also flying south. In November an immature flew south on the 19th, then five (2 adults) flew south-east on the 28th. In December three were down in fields east of the reservoirs but just outside the recording area on the 7th the final record was of one flying south on the 12th.

White-fronted Goose A. albifrons. One was on the reservoirs with the Greylag Geese on the 25th of January. A party of six included one adult, they were seen circling the reservoirs at 10:00 hours on the 20th of October before they flew off to the north-east.

Pink-footed Goose A. brachyrhynchus. In January singles were present on the 8th & 13th. A skein of c.100 flew west on the 25th. In February one with the Greylags on the 15th. 420+ in skeins of 140+, 210+ & 70+ flew west on the 25th. In March the only record was of one flying east with a Greylag Goose on the 12th, this completed the records for the first half of the year.

In October 113 flew west on the 1st, then 130+ flew west on the 13th. Skeins of 180+ west and 100+ east on the 20th. 500+flew west on the 21st, 680+ in skeins of 100+, 140+ & 440+ flew west on the 24th, followed by 180+ the next day. Finally for October seven flew north on the 31st. In November 80+ flew east on the 3rd. Skeins of 100+ & 31 flew west on the 24th. A total of 64 were recorded on the 25th, as follows one south, 29 east and 34 on Went Ings. On the 28th there were 200+ recorded > 130+ & 68 flew west and one was on the reservoirs with the Greylags. This single remained with the Greylags until the 30th. In December two skeins totalling some 330+ (250+ & 80+) flew east on the 10th. A skein of c.60 flew east on the 12th, two flew south on the 16th. There were 13 flying west & 17 flying north on the 17th. The final record was of three flying west on the 18th.

Greylag Goose A. anser. This years maximum count was of 620+ on the 28th of October. Three pairs bred and raised eleven young.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

218

130+

16

17

24

144

5

23

200+

620+

c.325

240+

Canada Goose Branta canadensis. This years maximum count was 110 on the 13th of January. One pair bred and raised two young. Three other pairs failed to hatch any eggs.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

110

54

34

24

18

50

53

23

32

88

65

59

Shelduck Tadorna tadorna. The only records in January were of eight on the 23rd & two on the 25th. In February the only records were singles on the 2nd, 3rd, 24th & 25th. In March recorded on eight dates with a maximum of three on the 3rd. Birds were recorded regularly from the 2nd of April to the 27th of July. With maximum counts of 10 on the 6th of May and 12 adults on the 18th of June.

Two pairs bred in the area; and strangely, remained at the reservoirs into July. Both families spent a lot of their time together on the middle bank, at the Sailing Club end.

Usually the adults bring the young to the reservoirs just after hatching, but take them away after a day or maybe two.

In May two adults appeared with the first brood of five ducklings on the 26th, the adults managed to raise two from this brood.

On the 9th of June a second pair appeared with seven young, but unfortunately raised none. They were down to one large young on the 26th of July, but the next day only the adults remained.

On the 15th of July three juveniles were flying around on Went Ings and a pair had two young on the reservoirs.

In October there were four on the 5th and one on the 24th. In November there were singles on the 24th & 29th and three on the 30th, these were the final sightings for the year.

Wigeon Anas penelope. The maximum count for the year was 508 on the 23rd of January. On the 15th of March 384 came off of Went Ings and onto the reservoirs. The only April records were of a male on the 13th, 26th & 28th. In August the only records were of two on the 18th & 19th and one on the 25th. In September the only records were of three on the 13th and 12 on the 19th. In October from the 1st to the 13th recorded on only three dates, then none until the 24th. Thereafter birds were recorded daily to the end of the year.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

508

300+

384

1

0

0

0

2

12

17

359

220

Gadwall A. strepera. The maximum count was of 34 (20 males) on the 13th of January. A female with nine young and a female with four fully feathered juveniles were seen in June. The brood of nine were seen to be fully feathered in July. In August Gadwall were recorded on nine dates between the 4th & 27th. In September recorded on only six dates between the 4th & 22nd. In October a pair on the 171th was the only record. Birds were recorded regularly again during November and December.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

34

33

27

14

8

5

10

8

6

2

6

19

Teal A. crecca. In January 157 came from Went Ings onto the reservoirs on the 22nd. The next day 184 were on the reservoirs. In May recorded regularly from the 3rd to the 20th. In June the only records were of three (2 males) on the 5th, then three (1 male) on the 30th. In July recorded on six dates. Then from August recorded regularly to the year end.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

184

31

56

7

4

3

13

47

56

25+

c.120

67

Mallard A. platyrhynchos. Peak counts were of 690+ on the 13th of January and 670+ on the 30th of November. During the breeding season c.15 broods of young were noted.

The May and June peak counts below were of adults only. The July peak is of both adults & Juveniles.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

690+

330+

c.75

37

88

90+

200+

340+

280+

260+

670+

340+

Pintail A. acuta. The only records in the in the first half of the year were in January, with four (1 male) on the 8th and four (2 males) on the 25th.

In September one was on Went Ings on the 6th & 8th. In October two males on the 24th. In November three males on the 2nd and one still present the next day.

Garganey A. querquedula. In May a male flew in from the north and landed on the canal on the 5th. The only other record was a male on the reservoirs on the 17th.

Shoveler A. clypeata. The best counts were of 18 on the 23rd of January and 22 on the 12th of September.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

Max count

18

5

2

6

3

2

2

3

22

6

9

4

No of days

7

6

1

10

7

2

6

1

10

1

3

2

Pochard Aythya farina. Present daily on the reservoirs from the 1st of January to the 28th of March. The maximum count for the year was 71 on the 5th of March. In April a male on the 24th was the only record. In May a male on the 5th and a female on the 13th were the only records; and in June the only records were three males on the 21st and four males on the 24th. In July birds were recorded on just five dates.

The only September records were a female on the 22nd followed by two males the next day. In October there were single males on the 3rd, 13th & 21st; six males on the 24th then present daily from the 26th to the 31st. Thereafter Birds were then present daily during November and December.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

55

64

71

1

1

4

4

0

2

6

41

40

Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina. On the 13th of December, there was a party of nine birds present on the reservoirs, which included five males.

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula. It was a very poor year for this species, with a maximum count of just 25 birds on the 22nd of January. On the 29th of July a female with one young was seen, this was successfully raised. On the 16th of August a female swam into the reservoirs from the east, along the canal, accompanied by three young; two of these were raised successfully.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

25

11

10

13

18

11

12

4

6

5

9

12

Scaup A. marila. A female was present on the 31st of January. The next record was in October when seven birds were present including one Eclipse or immature male on the 13th; followed by a female/immature on the 19th. In November a female on the 8th. Then three immatures present, including an immature male from the 14th to the 16th. The immature male appears to have visited other sites to the south-west of the reservoirs in the Doncaster district, judging by the photographs on the Doncaster birding blog; it returned to Southfield and there were three immatures present again from the 24th to the 30th. In December the three immatures were present from the 7th to the 11th, they were next seen on the 16th and remained into 2017.

Common Scoter Melanitta nigra. In June there was a female on the 13th, then five males on the 16th.

In October a male was present on the 12th & 13th. Finally there were nine females present on the 24th of November.

Goldeneye Bucephala clangula. Present from the 12th of January to the 11th of March; with a maximum count of six including an adult male on the 23rd of January. Next were a party of six, including two adult males, from the 19th to the 22nd of February.

In October a female/immature on the 28th was the sole record. In November, the only records were of two female/immatures on the 3rd, a single female/immature on the 8th & 28th and two adult males on the 29th. In December an adult male on the 16th was the only record.

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator. In February a male from the 1st to the 9th. It was not always present, as it flew off and returned later along with the resident Goosanders. In November a female/immature was present from the 8th to the 19th.

Goosander Mergus merganser. Present daily during the first three months, with a maximum count of 17 on the 13th of January, 24th of February and the 4th of March. In April all records were, a pair on the 2nd, 3rd & 5th. A male on the 7th and a male flew west on the 26th. In May a male on the reservoirs on the 5th and a female flew west on the 17th.

In August a female/immature flew north on the 22nd. In September two (a female /immature & an Eclipse male) flew north on the 2nd. In October an immature on the 17th was the only record. In November present daily from the 8th, with a maximum count of 13 (6 adult males) on the 30th. In December the maximum was 12 (7 adult males) on the 8th.

Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus. One seen over Went Ings the 24th of August flew off to the south-east.

Red Kite Milvus milvus. One was seen flying west over the reservoirs on the 9th of February, it then turned back over the east fields towards Beever's Bridge and flew off south over the Went Ings area.

Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus. More winter sightings are now occurring; in January a Creamcrown in from and out to the east on the 8th, a female on the 22nd, a male on the 23rd and an immature on the 30th & 31st. In February an immature on the 3rd, a Creamcrown on the 9th and single immatures on the 13th & 19th. There was just one March record of an immature on the 7th. In April an immature on Went Ings on the 25th was the only record. The next records occurred in June; a female on the 14th, an immature on the 18th, a female on the 20th and a male on the 30th.

In July a female on the 7th, a Creamcrown flew west on the 15th, then two, a Creamcrown and a male on the 18th and two again the next day - (the same male as yesterday & a juvenile.) The male was seen for a third day running on the 20th.In August four juveniles were together over the reservoirs on the 9th. A female flew west on the 16th, next day a male & a juvenile were seen, then a juvenile again on the 22nd. In September a male on the 19th and single immatures on the 21st & 23rd. In October single immatures were recorded on the 1st, 17th & 21st. In November single Creamcrown were recorded on eight dates, between the 8th and the 30th. In December single birds were recorded on six dates between the 9th and the 27th.

Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus. There were sightings of singles on forty-eight dates, two on two dates and there were four together and displaying on the 25th of March.

Buzzard Buteo buteo. Recorded regularly with a maximum count of 13 in the air together on the 7th of November.

Osprey Pandion haliaetus. In May one was seen on the 15th perched on a telegraph pole, probably the same bird was seen over the reservoirs the next day, before it flew off west. In June one over the reservoirs on the 5th flew off north at 06:25.

Kestrel Falco tinnunculus. A pair were in residence in their usual Hawk & Owl Trust nestbox on Went Ings; and successful breeding was confirmed when four birds were seen together on Went Ings on the 18th of July. Four were seen again on the 17th of August & the 7th of September.

Merlin F. columbarius. An adult male flew north on the 16th of March. A female tried unsuccessfully to take a Skylark on the 5th of April, it then flew off east. The final record was of a female flying north on the 3rd of October.

Hobby F. subbuteo. In April, one flew north on the 25th, there were two together on the 28th, they tried unsuccessfully to take a Sand Martin, but it evaded them by flying into the safety of a Willow Tree. In May one on Went Ings on the 11th flew off east. Further singles in May occurred on the 17th & 19th. In June there were singles on the 28th & 30th.

In the second half of the year the only records were in September; with two, an immature and an adult on the 7th, then singles were noted on the 21st & 22nd.

Peregrine Falcon F. peregrinus. In January an immature male flew south on the 3rd, and there were brief views of one on the 13th. In February an adult male was seen on the 25th. A male flew north-west on the 5th of April. Distant views were obtained of one flying south on the 28th of June. Next was an immature male on the 16th & 17th of August. In November an immature female was seen over the reservoirs on the 19th, it then flew off north. The final sightings were of two males on the 10th and an adult male on the 27th of December.

Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa. In January a count of six on the 1st was the only record. In February three on the 9th, eight on the 24th and 13 on the 25th were the only sightings. From the 3rd of March to the 31st of August birds were recorded regularly but only in small numbers. In September numbers increased with released birds for the shooting fraternity, with a maximum of 22 on the 29th. In October the maximum count was of 25 on the 12th. In November the maximum was 10 on the 30th. Finally in December one on the 11th and five on the 12th were the only records.

Grey Partridge Perdix perdix. All the records for the year were as follows. Two on the 6th of May. In August an adult with two juveniles were seen on the 9th; then an adult with seven juveniles were seen on the 23rd. In September a family party of nine were seen on the 13th. In October a party of nine were seen on a date somewhere between the 5th & 11th. The last sighting was of four on the 11th of October.

Pheasant Phasianus colchicus. Recorded regularly, the best counts were of eight immatures on the 29th of September and nine immatures on the 13th of October.

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus. During November one was heard calling on the 19th & 30th and in December one was recorded regularly from the 7th to the 28th.

Moorhen Gallinula chloropus. Recorded regularly throughout the year, but there were no significant counts.

Coot Fulica atra. It was probably the poorest year ever for this species, with a maximum count of eight on the 25th of July. Larger counts generally occur only in really cold weather when other sites are frozen.

Breeding was attempted on Went Ings, but the nest was abandoned as the flood waters receded. However breeding was successful at the reservoirs with two young ones being reared.

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

3

4

1

6

3

3

8

4

5

6

2

1

Common Crane Grus grus. A party of three birds flew east on the evening of the 14th of March.

Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus. Recorded regularly from the 21st of February to the 29th of July. The maximum counts recorded were of eight on the 21st of May and in June nine on Went Ings on the 4th and eight the next day.

Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta. One flying around over the reservoirs on the 27th of May left to the east.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius. One flew north on the 17th of April. In July one was heard calling on the 19th and the next day a juvenile was on Went Ings.

Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula. The only records during the first half of the year were in May, as follows; one on the middle bank on the 6th, one flew east on the 9th, followed by two on the 11th and one on the 16th.

One flying north-west on the 7th of July was the only record for the month. In August a juvenile flew in and landed on the middle bank on the 8th, it remained to the next day. On the 10th two flew in from and back out to the east along with two Turnstones. One flew east with a Ruff on the 17th and finally for August there was one on the 25th. In September one flew west on the 5th. There were singles on the 13th & 20th. On the 23rd there were 12 in a flooded field next to Beever's Bridge; these increased to 20 on the 25th. However on the next visit to the area on the 29th the field had dried up and no birds were present.

European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria. All records for the year are as follows. Fifty-Five flying east on the 2nd of January. In February one flew west on the 2nd, then one on the 9th, 21 north on the 12th and 11 with Lapwings on Went Ings on the 13th. In March eight on the 4th. Then on the 14th 110+ flew in from and back out to the east, finally for March three flew west on the 26th. On the 1st of April there were 80+ to the east of the reservoirs, this was the last record during the in the first half of the year.

In July one on the 24th was the sole sighting. In August eight flew east on the 17th and two flew east on the 19th. In September there were singles on the 13th, 15th & 21st and 70+ flew east on the 30th. In October recorded on only six dates, with a maximum of 170+ on the 17th. In November recorded on just six dates again, with a maximum count of150+ on the 2nd. In December there was one on the 18th and eight in from and back out to the east on the 22nd, these were the last to be recorded for the year.

Grey Plover P. squatarola. On the 9th of May two birds in winter plumage flew in and alighted on the middle bank, they later relocated to the east bank and were still present the next day, there was also a third bird on Went Ings. The final record was of two flying over the reservoirs on the 12th of September these flew off to the east.

Lapwing Vanellus vanellus. The maximum count for the year was of 400+ on the 8th of January. On the 7th of May on Went Ings, broods of two & one young birds were seen west of the aqueduct. The brood of two young were still present on the 14th.

Knot Calidris canutus. There was just one record of a bird which frequented the jetties and th middle bank on the 12th of November.

Sanderling Calidris alba. Just two records for the year and both occurred in May, one on the middle bank on the 9th and one flew north on the 11th.

Dunlin Calidris alpina. All the records for the year were as follows; two on the middle bank on the 24th of February. In March singles on the 16th & 28th. In April one on the 28th. In May six two on Went Ings & four in from & back out east on the 5th. Two on the middle bank on the 9th, one flew east on the 10th and one present on the middle bank from the 17th to the 19th.

In July two west on the 28th and one east on the 30th. In August one east with two Redshanks on the 17th, one flew in and landed on the jetties on the 22nd. In September recorded on seven dates, which includes three in a flooded field next to Beever's Bridge on the 23rd; which had increased to nine on the 25th. In October singles recorded on the 13th, 17th and 20th. in November recorded on seven dates, with a maximum of three flying north on the 20th. The final record was on the 29th of December when one was on the middle bank.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax. In July there was one on Went Ings on the 15th, 16th, 19th & 20th. In August one east on the 17th and one east again on the 24th. In September one flew in and landed on Went Ings on the 2nd. There were two in a flooded field next to Beever's Bridge on the 23rd increasing to three on the 25th, then down to one on the 28th.

Snipe Gallinago gallinago. In January singles were heard leaving Went Ings before dawn on the 3rd & the 12th. In February two were heard leaving Went Ings before dawn on the 3rd and another did the same on the 21st. In March one on Went Ings on the 16th was the first to be seen in daylight hours for the year; and three were heard leaving Went Ings before dawn on the 20th. In April 18 were in fields on the western side of the reservoirs on the 1st, this proved to be the best count for the year,

Between the 13th of July and the 27th of December recorded in every month totalling 32 records with a maximum of 13 on Went Ings on the 26th of August.

Woodcock Scolopax rusticola. On the 13th of January two were seen. One flew from Southfield Lane out over the reservoirs then U turned and flew back to Southfield Lane. The second was seen high up over the reservoirs flying in from the south-west. In March one was flushed on Went Ings on the 16th.

In December one was on Went Ings on the 10th and one flew across the reservoirs on the 12th.

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa. The only records in the in the first half of the year, were two on Went Ings on the 14th of March; and one flew in from the east and departed back out the same way on the 30th of June.

In July on Went Ings one on the 20th, six on the 22nd and three on the 25th, followed by twenty on the 27th, one on the 29th and two on the 30th. In August the only record was of one present on Went Ings from the 8th to the 10th. The Ings floodwater then dried out on the 12th, but re-flooded again on the 24th. The final record was of one on Went Ings on the 20th of October.

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus. In April one flew through on the 13th, then one was on the middle bank on the 25th. the last record for April was of two on the 28th; one of these flew east in the morning and the second was heard calling in the evening. In May one was on Went Ings on the 7th, two over the reservoirs and Went Ings on the 9th flew out east. Two were around the reservoirs on the 11th, one on Went Ings on the 12th, one north on the 17th and finally in May one on Went Ings on the 24th.

In the second half of the year the only record was of one flying west on the 18th of August.

Curlew N arquata. In January there were singles on the 2nd & 3rd this record probably represents the same bird. In February singles on the 22nd & 25th. In March recorded regularly from the 5th, with singles on eight dates, two on the 14th and four on the 7th. In April recorded regularly with singles birds on fourteen dates, two on three dates and three, (2 flying north & 1 present) on the 7th.

In May singles on the 3rd, 6th & 17th were the only records. In June five flew north on the 14th, two were blogging on the 16th, one west on the 28th, five west on the 29th and one south-west on the 30th.

In July six flew west on the 2nd, one west on the 7th, one west, then back east on the 18th and one blogging on the 29th. In August three west on the 16th, one blogging on the 17th and one east on the 26th. In September one flew in from the west and landed on Went Ings on the 15th. The next record was on the 8th of November when two flew west but then flew back east. The final sighting of the year was of one on the 11th of November.

Redshank Tringa totanus. The first record of the year was of one on Went Ings on the 5th of March. The next record was of one on the 1st of April. In May a total of 13 (1,7,& 5) flew east on the 9th. Two were on Went Ings on the 10th, these later flew off east, then another bird was on Went Ings on the 11th.

In July singles were recorded on the 16th on the middle bank, on the 20th blogging around the area, on the 25th on Went Ings and on the 26th around the reservoirs. In August there were three on Went Ings on the 9th, two east on the 17th and one on the 22nd. For the remainder of the year all records were of single birds, on the, 19th of September, 26th of October, 8th & 29th of November and finally the 28th of December.

Greenshank T. nebularia. In May three flew east on the 6th. One was on Went Ings on the 12th & 14th and one was heard on the 18th. In July on Went Ings three on the 15th & 16th, down to two on the 18th then just one from the 19th to the 23rd. In August one on Went Ings on the 4th & 5th, three flew east on the 16th, two around the area on the 18th and one the next day and another on the 25th. In September the final records for the year were of two on the 2nd and singles on the 3rd, 5th & 19th.

Green Sandpiper T. ochropus. In July one on the 15th, three on Went Ings on the 20th, but only one was present on the 21st & 22nd. In August there were singles on Went Ings on the 8th, 9th & 17th. One flew east on the 18th, one was heard on the 22nd, then four were on Went Ings on the 23rd and one was on the Sailing Club jetties on the 25th. On September the 13th one flew in from the north and alighted on Went Ings, but only briefly before flying back north. Two on Went Ings on the 22nd was the final record of the year.

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos. In April there were singles on the 6th & 23rd, two on the 24th, then one from the 25th to the 28th. In May two on the 4th, 6th, 7th & 9th & one on the 10th; three on the 11th, two on the 12th, four on the 13th and singles on the 14th & 20th.

In July, from the 13th, there were singles on seven dates, two on five dates and three birds on the 20th, 24th & 27th. In August singles on ten dates and two on the 26th. In September, between the 1st & 19th singles were recorded on seven dates and two on the 6th & 14th concluded the years sightings.

Turnstone Arenaria interpres. In May two flew in on the evening of the 9th and landed on the middle bank. The next day there was one on the middle bank and one on Went Ings. On the 11th two were once again on the middle bank.

On the 10th of August two flew in from the east along with two Ringed Plovers, they all then flew back out to the east.

Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus. A juvenile was seen on the morning of the 25th of August. On the 8th of November an adult flew in for the gull roost at 15:00. In December an adult was in the gull roost on the 17th & 18th.

Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus. In April two moulting adults briefly on the 2nd flew off east. There was an adult on the 11th. followed on the 12th by an adult & a second year bird then a first year bird on the 13th. In May a first year bird on the 18th was the final record.

Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus. There were no gull roost counts for this species this year.

A pair built a nest on the R.O.D. boat, but it was blown off by strong winds. There were no Black-headed Gulls on the Tern Raft this year as it didn’t go back out onto the reservoirs until the 7th of May, so by then the gulls had gone elsewhere.

Common Gull Larus canus. The only gull roost counts were of 1,200 on the 29th of November and again on the 27th of December.

Lesser Black-backed Gull L. fuscus. The first record of the year was an adult in the gull roost on the 25th of January. The next record was of one flying south on the 26th of March. Also in March there were four adults in the gull roost on the 28th.

On the 10th of August a flock of 55 flew onto the reservoirs from near-by fields. In September there were 390+ in the gull roost on the 6th and 459 flew west on the morning of the 23rd. In November three were roosting on the 18th & 19th and one in the roost on the 28th & 29th. In December one in the roost on the 9th and two on the 16th.

Herring Gull L. argentatus. The best count from the gull roost in the in the first half of the year was of c.90 on the 15th of February. In November there were 400+ in the gull roost on the 29th. In December there was a total of 485+, 230+ were in the roost the other 255 were seen flying east on the 18th. The final count was of 290+ in the gull roost on the 27th.

Yellow-legged Gull L. Michahellis. An adult was present on the 24th & 28th of July and an adult was present on the 7th & 8th of August.

Caspian Gull L cachinnans. A second Calendar year bird put in a brief appearance on the 22nd February.

Iceland Gull L. glaucoides. A second year bird flew west at 08:05 on the 30th of January.

Great Black-backed Gull L. marinus. In January there were 145 on the reservoirs on the morning of the 13th and c.120 on the reservoirs on the morning of the 19th. In November there were 140 in the gull roost on the 18th.

Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis. One was present for about ten to fifteen minutes before flying off to the west on the 14th of June. The only other record was of two birds on the 17th of August, they were present from 07:10 to 07:52 they then departed to the east.

Common Tern Sterna hirundo. The first record for the year was on the 12th of April and was the sole record of the month. A good passage of this species occurred in May, with records daily from the 3rd; there were large counts of 26 on the 9th and 37 on the 12th. Three pairs attempted to breed on the Tern Raft and this year they didn’t have to contend with Black-headed Gulls as the raft was not put out until the second week of May, so the gulls had gone elsewhere. Unfortunately only one chick was raised from the three pairs. On the 14th of June there was a maximum count of 24 adults, 6 were present and 18 flew in for ten minutes before leaving to the north-east. On the 9th of July the maximum count was 14 which included one juvenile. In August recorded daily to the 10th, with a maximum count of seven including one juvenile on the 5th. After the 10th the only records were two adults on the 18th and single adults on the 9th & 23rd. In September the only record was of an adult and a juvenile on the 6th and this was the final record of the year.

Arctic Tern S. paradisaea. In April there were two on the 12th, then one present on the 22nd & 23rd. In May one on the 3rd, the next was a day count of 11 birds (6, 1 & 4) on the on the 6th. On the 13th a count of seven included one bird present and six flew north.

The only record in the second half of the year was an immature bird on the 12th of October.

Little Tern S. albifrons. It was a good year for this species with birds noted as follows; One present for 25 minutes on the 17th of May. In June, on the 15th two birds arrived at 07:00 and were still present at 09:30 when the observer departed. The next morning what could have been the same two were seen briefly at 08:00 hours. Also in June there was one on the 28th. In July one on the 7th was still present at 16:15 hours when the observer departed.

Black Tern Chlidonias niger. In May seven birds were present at 17:00 hours on the 8th, these increased to eight the next day and were still present at 21:30 hours. On the 10th numbers had declined to six. There was one on the 13th and finally for May one seen briefly on the 20th. On the 6th of June one was present for 10 minutes and proved to be the last of the year.

Stock Dove Columba oenas. Recorded regularly mainly in ones or twos, but there were 16 over Went Ings on the 19th of September and was the years best count.

Wood Pigeon C. palumbus. Recorded regularly mainly in ones or twos or small parties, sometimes in large concentrations going to or leaving roosting sites, but this year there were no large flocks recorded.

Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto. The only records were; one north on the 25th of February, one west on the 17th of May and one west on the 18th of June. One was at Beever's Bridge on the 6th of September, then one at Tattersall’s Haulage/Between Rivers Farm on the 28th of November and finally one was seen to the west of the reservoirs on the 17th of December.

Cuckoo Cuculus canorus. This species continues to decline, there were just five records for the year as follows; one seen and heard on Went Ings on the 24th of May, one heard on Went Ings on the 26th & 27th of May and again on the 3rd of June. The last record was of a bird seen on the 1st of July.

Barn Owl Tyto alba. In February one seen along Sykehouse Road on the 3rd and one on Went Ings on the 4th & 15th. In March one on Went Ings in the morning and again that evening of the 7th.

In November one flew onto Went Ings at dawn on the mornings of the 15th & 16th. In December one on the morning of the 18th was the final sighting for the year.

Tawny Owl Strix aluco. In the in the first half of the year recorded in every month except June, with single birds recorded on twenty-four dates. In the second half of the year recorded in every month, with a total of thirty-three records. A juvenile was calling repeatedly along Southfield Lane on the 22nd of July. Two birds were heard hooting on Went Ings on the 6th & 12th of September. In December two hooting birds were calling from Southfield Lane and Went Ings on the 9th. Also in December two were seen on the 22nd & 28th, one in a hollow Ash Tree on Sykehouse Road the other at a favoured roosting site on Went Ings.

Short-eared Owl Asio. Flammeus. Present from the 5th of January to the 28th of March, all single bird sightings, except for two on Went Ings on the 9th & 24th of February. In April there were records of single birds on the 14th, 16th & 24th.

Swift Apus apus. In April three over the reservoirs on the 25th. In May 150+ on the 11th and the same number on the 7th of July. Also in July 180+ on the 9th and 500+ on the 11th. The final record of the year was a single bird on the 8th of September.

Kingfisher Alcedo atthis. In the first three months of the year birds were recorded regularly to the 22nd of March, with three together on the 24th of February. In April one on the 17th was the only record. In May singles on the 7th & 10th were the only records. In June there were singles on the 7th, 28th, 29th & 30th.

From the 1st of July to the year end recorded regularly with two birds seen in every month and three birds on the 2nd of October.

Green Woodpecker Picus viridis. Single birds were recorded every month except for September. Two birds were seen on the 21st of April.

Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major. Recorded in every month, all records were of single birds except for two on the 28th of April, 9th of May and the 20th of August.

Skylark Alauda arvensis. In January one on the 12th, three on the 25th and one on the 30th. In February returning breeding birds were recorded on the 3rd and were heard singing the next day. Four on the 24th was the maximum count.

In the second half of the year 22 flying south on the 1st of October was the best count. In November recorded regularly in single figures, with a maximum count of five on the 16th. In December four including a singing bird on the 17th was the only record.

Sand Martin Riparia riparia. In March one flew north and four flew east on the 26th followed by two on the 28th. In April 250+ on the 15th was the best count of the year.

In the second half of the year the maximum count was of 200+ on the 11th of July. The final sighting of the year was one on the 1st of October.

Swallow Hirundo rustica. The first sighting of the year was of one on the 1st of April. The spring maximum count was of 30+ on the 11th & 13th of May.

In the second half of the year the maximum count was of 60+ on the 25th of August. In October six flying south on the 17th was the final record for the year.

House Martin Delichon urbicum. Two birds on the 1st of April were the first to return. In May there were counts of 30+ on the 11th, 50+ on the 13th and 100+ on the 25th. The final record was of ten flying south on the 1st of October.

Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis. In February there were seven on the 19th, one on the 24th and two on the 25th these were the first records of the year. In March singles were records on five dates between the 5th and the 17th, then 20 flew north on the 22nd. In April 11 flew north on the 5th.

In September a count of 90 flying south on the 30th was the best count of the year. The next day 55 flew south. The maximum counts during the last two months of the year were of 19 on Went Ings on the 2nd of November and nine on the east bank on the 18th of December.

Rock Pipit A. petrosus. All the records for the year occurred in October, as follows singles present on the 18th, 26th, 27th & 28th and lastly one flew north on the 31st.

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava. In April the first returning bird was one on the 4th, the most seen was three on the 12th. In May there was a maximum of six on the east bank on the 24th.

In July 15 juveniles were in the east fields on the 13th. In September two immatures on the 13th was the final record for the year.

Grey Wagtail M. cinerea. The first of the year was on the 17th of March, next was one flying north on the 22nd. A male was on the Sailing Club jetties on the 19th of May and again on the 14th of June, then one flew east on the 28th.

In July recorded regularly with two on the 11th & 30th. In August recorded on seven dates, with two on the 4th, 8th & 15th. In September recorded on eleven dates, with two on the 15th & 19th. In October singles were recorded regularly, then in November there were singles on eight dates and finally in December there were singles on the 8th, 10th & 28th.

Pied Wagtail M. alba. Recorded regularly throughout the year. There was a juvenile on the jetties on the 26th of May. An adult and a two juveniles on the 18th of June. Next was a count of eight juveniles on the 20th of July. The best count of the year was on the 25th of November when 40+ were on the flooded Went Ings.

Wren Troglodytes troglodytes. There were nine singing on Went Ings on the 16th of April, then on the 14th of May there was a count of 13, of which 10 were heard singing in the recording area.

Dunnock Prunella modularis. Birds are ever present, the best count of the year was of six (4 singing) in the recording area on the 14th of May.

Robin Erithacus rubecula. Regularly recorded throughout the year. The best count was of 20 (18 singing) in the recording area on the 14th of May.

Blackbird Turdus merula. There were 13 at the northern end of the reservoirs on the 14th of January. A count of 13 (10 males) in the recording area on the 14th of May. On Went Ings there were 12 birds (8 singing) on the 18th of June.

In November there were 20 at the reservoirs on the 25th and 17 around the reservoirs on the 18th of December.

Fieldfare T. pilaris. During the first three months of the year there was a maximum of 100+ on the 10th of February and again on the 16th of March. In April the only records were of eight on the 1st, nine west on the 5th and five on Went Ings on the 16th.

In October 70+ flying west on the 12th was the first sign of returning birds. In October 120+ flying west on the 17th was the maximum for the month. In November the maximum count was 500+ on the 30th. The December maximum was 250+ on the 5th.

Song Thrush T. philomelos. There were four or five singing birds in the recording area during the first half of the year. in the second half of the year there were eight on the 25th of November and in December there were five birds on the 6th and again on the 12th.

Redwing T. iliacus. In January two on the 14th and one on the 19th were the only records. In February singles occurred on the 4th, 12th, 19th & 24th, plus three on the 21st and seven on the 15th. In March there were 33 on the 2nd, four on the 7th, six on the 11th & 14th, two on the 15th, eight on the 16th and one on the 17th concluded the records for the first half of the year.

In October 19 flying west on the 2nd was the first record of returning birds. Then 290+ flew west on the 17th. The maximum count for November was 150+ on the 30th. In December good numbers started to build up from the 5th and peaked at 635+ on the 9th, but then quickly declined to only 15 on the 18th.

Mistle Thrush T. viscivorus. All the records for the year were as follows; singles on the 4th of January, the 7th & 28th of June, then two on Went Ings on the 30th of July. In August two on Went Ings on the 5th, one flew in from and back out to the east on the 23rd. The final record was one on Went Ings on the 23rd of September which flew off east.

Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus. The first record of the year was one on the 22nd of April. There were 18 in the recording area on the 14th of May. Birds were recorded until August but there were no September records.

Reed Warbler A. scirpaceus. In May one was singing on Went Ings on the 7th, there was one singing at the northern end of the reservoirs on the 11th. One singing on Went Ings on the 14th at a different location to the bird on the 7th. one singing at the northern end of the reservoirs on the 20th and one singing at the southern end of the middle bank on the 24th. In June the only record was of one singing at the Fishermen's car park on the 7th.

In July two birds singing on Went Ings on the 20th, one of these was heard still singing on the 23rd. The next and final record of the year was one at the reservoirs on the 1st & 2nd of September.

Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti. One by a casual observer Dan Ireland on the 12th July. Here is an email he sent to me.

It was in the bushes opposite the farm buildings as you approach Beever's Bridge. I only heard it calling, as I was on my bike so I didn't stop as I was going a fair pace. I didn't see the bird; as you know the call is unmistakable (D.I.)

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca. In April a singing bird on the 15th was the first to return. There were five singing birds in the recording area during May. In September the final records were singles on the 2nd, 4th & 15th.

Whitethroat S. communis. The first record came from the 28th of April. There was a total of 17 birds in the recording area, 14 of which were singing on the 14th of May. The final records were in September, with single birds on the 4th & 13th

Garden Warbler S. borin. One singing on Went Ings on the 14th of May was the only record.

Blackcap S. atricapilla. In April two males at the reservoirs on the 4th were the first of the year. There were nine birds (6 males) on Went Ings on the 21st. In May 12 birds (11 males) in the recording area on the 14th. In September two birds on the 13th were the final records of the year.

Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita. In March one on Went Ings on the 16th was the first of Spring, another was along Southfield Lane on the 31st. In April two were singing at the northern end of the reservoirs on the 12th and there were five on Went Ings on the 17th. A total of 10 were counted in the recording area on the 14th of May. The last record for the year was a winter bird, in Willows on the south bank of the reservoirs on the 27th of December.

Willow Warbler P. Trochilus. In April two on the 7th were the first to return; and there were 13 on Went Ings by the 21st. Twelve singing birds were noted in the recording area on the 14th of May. In September the final records were obtained all were of single birds on the 1st, 2nd & 4th.

Goldcrest Regulus regulus. The first records of this diminutive bird were not until September, when singles were noted on the 6th, 20th, 22nd, 25th & 29th. Birds were present in October and November, with two on the 17th of October and the 29th of November. In December, between the 5th and the 28th these little gems were recorded on five dates, with two together on the 22nd.

Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus. The maximum count for the year was of 26 on Went Ings on the 19th of December.

Willow Tit Poecile Montana. The only record was of one heard calling on the 26th of August.

Coal Tit Periparus ater. One on the 10th of May was this years only record.

Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus. The maximum count for the year was 44 on Went Ings on the 19th of December.

Great Tit P. major. The maximum count was of 20 on Went Ings on the 19th of December.

Treecreeper Certhia familiaris. All the records for the year were of single birds on the following dates. On Went Ings on the 15th of February and 5th of March. Noted carrying nesting material on Went Ings on the 16th of April. On Went Ings on the 30th of June. In the hedgerow at the Fishermen's car park on the 22nd of July. At the northern end of the reservoirs on the 21st of September and the 1st, 13th & 17th of October; also in October in the hedgerow at the Fishermen's car park on the 31st. The final record was at the northern end of the reservoirs on the 14th of November.

Jay Garrulus glandarius. Birds were recorded in every month, but the maximum count was of only four on the 22nd of January.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

No of days

8

9

10

12

7

2

3

7

10

10

11

7

Max count

4

2

2

3

1

3

1

1

2

2

2

1

Magpie Pica pica. Recorded regularly with a maximum count for the year of 12 on the 23rd of January.

Jackdaw Corvus monedula. The maximum counts were of c.30 on the 21st of July and 29 on the 26th of October.

Rook C.frugilegus. There was a total of c.190 on Went Ings on the 22nd of July and this was the best count of the year.

Carrion Crow C. corone. The best counts of the year were on the following dates, 60 on the 4th of April, c.70 on Went Ings on the 14th of May and 80+ on Went Ings at dusk on the 12th of September.

Starling Sturnus vulgaris. The best counts for the year were of 670+ (600 of these were on Went Ings & 70 flew north.) on the 26th of October and 1,500 flew east at 14:00 hours on the 8th of November.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus. There were around ten House Sparrows in the company of a flock of Tree Sparrows at Beever's Bridge on the 6th of September and two were still present the next day.

Tree Sparrow P. montanus. In January there were 60+ at the northern feeding area on the 2nd. Then 90+ (40+ at the northern feeding area & 50+ at the southern feeding area) on the 8th. A count of 95+ at the southern feeding area, these were counted as they flew off to roost on the 30th. In February 70+ (40+ southern feeding area & 30+ northern feeding area) on the 3rd and 50+ at the northern feeding area on the 4th. In March c.30 at the northern feeding area on the 28th. In April c.65 at the southern feeding area on the 5th. In May recorded at the southern feeding area all month with a maximum of seven on the 12th. Adults and juveniles were noted at both feeding areas from the 20th.

In July adults with juveniles were probably from their second broods. In September there was a big count of 150+ at Beever's Bridge on the 7th feeding on a wheat crop. In November c.35 at the southern feeding area on the 24th, increased to 70+ on the 30th. In December 35+ at the southern feeding area on the 16th was the maximum count for the month.

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs. The best Chaffinch counts were of 30+ at the southern feeding area on the 24th of February and again on the 16th & 17th of December.

Brambling F. montifringilla. Present at the southern feeding area from the 3rd of February to the 11th of April; with counts of four (3 males) on the 13th & 15th of February, five (3 males) on the 26th of March and four (3 males) on the 1st of April.

In October one flew east on the 13th, one was heard passing over on the 18th, one flew south on the 20th. In November one flew south on the 16th and one flew north-east on the 20th. On the 9th of December one flew in from the south and settled in a tree for five minutes before heading back south. One was heard going over on the 10th and finally a female at the southern feeding area on the 11th.

Greenfinch Carduelis chloris. The maximum count for the year was of 30+ at the southern feeding area on the 24th of February.

Goldfinch C. carduelis. During the first half of the year the maximum count was of eight on the 21st of April. In the second half of the year, 20 on the 18th of August, was the best count of the year. During the final two months of the year birds were present at the feeding areas with a maximum count of 14 on the 16th of December.

Siskin C. spinus. In February one heard calling as it flew over on the 11th and a male was at the southern feeding area on the 24th. In March, one flying north on the 16th and five flew east the next day. In April two flew west on the 5th, one south on the 18th and one north on the 25th.

In September eight flew east on the 22nd, three flew south-west on the 25th and six flew south on the 30th. In October two flew west on the 1st and one was around the area on the 12th. Twenty flew south on the 17th, then singles over on the 25th & 31st. In November one flew north on the 2nd, four south on the 11th, singles flew north on the 14th, south on the 19th and finally north on the 24th.

Linnet C. cannabina. The only record during January was one on the 25th. In February there were singles on five dates and 14 on the 12th. In March recorded more regularly with a maximum count of ten on the 5th.

In September 40+ flew over the Fishermen's car park on the 3rd and 23 flew south on the 30th. The years best count occurred in December with 60+ on the 18th.

Lesser Redpoll C. cabaret. In the first half of the year there was one on the 2nd of February. In April two flew south on the 1st and one flew north on the 13th. A party of 12 birds came out of the hedgerow at the Fishermen's car park and flew off north on the 18th.

In October singles flew south on the 12th, 17th & 21st and seven flew south on the 26th; finally in October one flew south on the 31st. In November the only records were of singles flying south on the 2nd and 19th these were the last birds of the year.

Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula. The highest number recorded for the year was three on the 4th & 9th of August.

Month

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUG

SEPT

OCT

NOV

DEC

No of days

0

1

2

1

2

4

9

11

3

4

5

7

Max count

0

1

2

1

1

1

1

3

2

1

1

2

Yellowhammer Emberiza citronella. In February there were 19 at the southern feeding area on the 15th, c.22 (2 at Southfield Lane and c.20 at the southern feeding area) on the 24th. In May present at the southern feeding area to the 17th, with a maximum of six there on the 10th.

During the final two months of the year birds were present at both the feeding areas from the 28th of November, with a maximum of 23 (13 at northern feeding area & 10 at the southern) on the 28th of December.

Reed Bunting E. schoeniclus. In the first half of the year the maximum count was of 18 (11 in the north-fields & 7 at the southern feeding area) on the 19th of February.

In the second half of the year the maximum count was 15 (6 at the northern end & nine at the southern feeding area) on the 28th of December.

Sub Species.

Continental Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis. As is usual White-headed birds were recorded from January to around April/May time with a maximum of around six birds.

Other Species Feral/Escaped Species.

Chinese Goose Anser cygnoides. First noted on the 3rd of May when three birds were present. The number dropped to two by the 13th of June or maybe before this date.

These two remained until 31st March 2017; I don’t know if they made any early April dates as they were not looked for at the start of April, my first visit was the 3rd and they were not present then.

List of observers who submitted records for 2016

A. Marshall

A. Scutt

C. Featherstone

Dan Ireland

J. Snowdon

R. Collis

R. Dresser

Robert Heery

S. Furber

Apologies for any omissions

Other wildlife.

Fox. Went Ings

Mink.

Rabbit.

Stoat.

Weasel.

Field Vole.

Frog & Toad. In May, there was Frog and Toad spawn in the dyke at the bottom of the bank which runs through the Sailing Club compound and later Tadpoles were seen.

Butterflies.

Brimstone.

Comma.

Common Blue. 

Gatekeeper. 

Green Veined White.

Large Skipper.

Meadow Brown.

Orange Tip

Peacock.

Small Tortoiseshell.

Speckled Wood.

Red Admiral.

Ringlet.

Small and Large White.

Small Copper.

Small Skipper.