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CUMBRIA (Gosforth), (sw)

26o00´E/25o30´N (Gosforth), 19o20´E/25o55´N (Wasdale Youth Hostel), 30,000ha (owned by National Trust), 40-978m (Scar Fell Pike- England`s highest peak), old volcanic rock very mountainous, rugged. Mainly recent with a little ancient oak/birch woodland, screes, bogs, moorland and bare rock with lakes and rivers 
Part of Cumbria National Park much of the area is owned by National Trust and there are many SSSI (Sites of Scientific Interest; designated by Natural England) 
Best Time for visit (9-18.07.07)


Birding Site Guide

The town of Gosforth is just e of the A595, which runs n-s just inland of Cumbria. It can be approached via the A66 in the n or the A590 in the s or the A591 and minor roads through the centre of the national park.

This is a very scenic area with huge rugged mountains and deep clear lakes, with hills covered in woodlands and heath. The narrow roads can be very busy and dangerous especially in peak holiday season. Wasdale becomes especially busy with many hikers trying the 3 peaks challenge (3 peaks in 24hrs). Places to stay are numerous and varied, but at the cheaper end of the market are the Youth Hostels, one of which is 1.5 miles e of Nether Wasdale on the shores of England`s deepest lake (63m) Wast Water. This hostel is extremely popular, particularly for the 3 peaks challenge, so booking ahead may be required. Fortunately there is another less busy Youth Hostel in Eskdale, a little w of the narrow gauge railway which runs from here to the coast at Ravenglass (also a good birding area and soon to be added to BSG). Wasdale has another claim to fame apart from its deep lake; with towering scree cliffs rising over 520m from the water (to 609m), and that is England`s smallest church. Wasdale also has The Biggest Liar (an annual event). There are no shops in Nether Wasdale, just 2 pubs (both with accommodation) the nearest shop being at Gosforth. For campers there is a wide choice, for instance in Nether Wasdale close to the pubs is Church Stile Farm Campsite and further up the valley (e) near the head of Wast Water there is a National Trust campsite. Other campsites are found in Eskdale. Hardknott Pass is a very steep road at the head of Eskdale, which climbs via many tortuous short switchback hairpins up to the bleak and dramatic moor tops. Along here are the remains of a Roman fort and this is as good a place as any to see Raven. The high crags above Milkingsteads Wood in Eskdale are another very good area for Raven. Redstarts can be found at Kidbeck in Wasdale, where there are many public footpaths to the woods and River Irt. Stonechat is common anywhere where there is a bit of gorse on higher ground and Peregrine can be seen around the screes of Wast Water. 


Without a visit to the coast the species list is not long and some species are easier seen elsewhere, such as Osprey Pandion haliaetus and Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor. Common species not seen included Lapwing Vanelus vanellus and I had hoped to see Red Grouse Legopus legopus scoticus, Dipper Cinclus cinclus, Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus and Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca but had no luck although some of this may have been due to time of year. Future visits earlier in the season may be more beneficial.





The rare Arctic Charr Salvelinus alpinus is found in Wast Water. 



Rare ferns and other plants are found on the screes above Wast Water. In Eskdale there are rare Bryophytes and Liverworts at Milkingsteads Wood SSSI (National Trust). Oval-leafed Sundew can be found in some boggy areas. 

Author: BSG