02o48´/39o15´ 501,422 ha (Majorca is 111,369 ha) 1,571m (Silla de Torrellas) and 1445m (Puig Mayor, Majorca), maritime, mainly hills and mountains with heath and patches of pine, farmland: citrus, olives, almonds and dates are grown 
Summer for breeding birds, spring and autumn for migrants (May 2009)


Birding Site Guide

These islands lie 300 kms off the east coast of Spain in the Mediterranean Sea, and cover an area of the larger islands consist of well known holiday destinations of Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera in the east and Formentera and Ibizia in the west. The islands are an offshore extension of the Andalusian mountains with Minorca and Formentera and southern Majorca having the highest, most rugged limestone hills. Minorca is however mostly quite flat with Majorca being mostly mountainous and hilly. Majorca has the highest population and native vegetation is now mostly secondary garigue heath with conifer woodland on rugged hills. Citrus, olives, almonds and dates are widely grow.

Barcelona is the nearest large international airport, though flights can be obtained from many places. Climate is typical Mediterranean, with long, dry summers and short mild winters with no extremes.

Most birding was done on at S’Albufera de Mallorca Natural Park, with other birds seen generally around the islands.


Birds seen.

  • Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
  • Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
  • Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
  • Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Gadwall Anas strepera
  • Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
  • Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
  • Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
  • Common Pochard Aythya ferina
  • Osprey Pandion haliaetus
  • Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
  • Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo
  • Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
  • Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
  • Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
  • Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
  • Crested Coot Fulica cristata
  • Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
  • Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
  • Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
  • Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
  • Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
  • Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
  • Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
  • Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
  • Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
  • Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
  • Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii
  • Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
  • Common Tern Sterna hirundo
  • Common Wood-Pigeon Columba palumbus
  • European Scops-Owl Otus scops
  • Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
  • Common Swift Apus apus
  • European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
  • Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
  • Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
  • Eurasian Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
  • Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
  • Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
  • Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
  • Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
  • Fan-tailed Warbler Prinia juncidis
  • Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
  • Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
  • Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
  • Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
  • Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
  • European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
  • Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
  • Great Tit Parus major
  • Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
  • Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
  • House Sparrow Passer domesticus
  • European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
  • Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
  • European Serin Serinus serinus
  • Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra


Author: Jon Wainwright