CAATINGA Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List 


Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website.

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready-made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region. 


  • Yellow-legged Tinamou* Crypturellus noctivagus NT
  • Lesser Nothura* Nothura minor VU
  • Buff-browed Chachalaca* Ortalis superciliaris NT
  • White-browed Guan* Penelope jacucaca VU
  • Lear's Macaw* Anodorhynchus leari CR EBA070
  • Spix's Macaw* Cyanopsitta spixii CR EBA070
  • Caatinga Parakeet* Aratinga cactorum LC
  • Bahia Nighthawk* Nyctiprogne vielliardi NT EBA070
  • Pygmy Nightjar* Caprimulgus hirundinaceus LC EBA070
  • Broad-tipped Hermit* Anopetia gounellei LC (EBA070)
  • Spotted Piculet* Picumnus pygmaeus LC
  • Tawny Piculet* Picumnus fulvescens NT EBA070
  • Ochraceous Piculet* Picumnus limae VU s033
  • Red-shouldered Spinetail* Gyalophylax hellmayri NT EBA070
  • Grey-headed Spinetail* Cranioleuca semicinerea LC
  • Great Xenops* Megaxenops parnaguae VU (EBA070, 073, 074)
  • Moustached Woodcreeper* Xiphocolaptes falcirostris VU (EBA070)
  • Caatinga Woodpecker* Celeus obrieni VU (EBA070)
  • Pileated Antwren* Herpsilochmus pileatus VU
  • Pectoral Antwren* Herpsilochmus pectoralis VU (EBA070)
  • White-browed Antpitta* Hylopezus ochroleucus NT
  • Araripe Manakin* Antilophia bokermanni CR
  • Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant* Hemitriccus mirandae VU s033
  • Caatinga Black-tyrant* Knipolegus franciscanus NT (EBA070)
  • White-naped Jay* Cyanocorax cyanopogon LC
  • Scarlet-throated Tanager* Compsothraupis loricata LC
  • White-throated Seedeater* Sporophila albogularis LC
  • Red-cowled Cardinal* Paroaria dominicana LC
  • Crimson-fronted Cardinal* Paroaria baeri LC
  • São Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus
  • Yellow-faced Siskin* Carduelis yarrellii VU (EBA070)

* indicates endemic 

Caatinga EBAs 
EBA070 North-east Brazilian Caatinga 
(EBA070) non-restricted range threatened here 
s033 Ceará caatinga and serras 


BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone. 

Author: BSG