GALÁPAGOS ISLANDS Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List 


Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website.

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready-made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region. 

Altitude range m 


  • Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus A, C & Bartolomé
  • Waved Albatross Diomedea irrorata H
  • Galapagos Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia B, D, E, F
  • White-vented Storm-Petrel Oceanites gracilis at sea
  • Flightless Cormorant Phalacrocorax harrisi A, C
  • [Galapagos Heron Butorides sundevalli] all islands
  • Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis all islands except E, G, N, M, O
  • Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus A, B, C, D, E, I
  • Lava Gull Larus fuliginosus A, B, E
  • Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus all islands except C
  • Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis all islands
  • Galapagos Flycatcher Myiarchus magnirostris all islands except M, N, O
  • Galapagos Martin Progne modesta all islands except G, I, M, N, O & Rábida
  • Galapagos Mockingbird Nesomimus parvulus all islands except E, F, H, L
  • Charles Mockingbird Nesomimus trifasciatus islets off F: Champion & its Gardner
  • Hood Mockingbird Nesomimus macdonaldi H & its Gardner
  • San Cristobal Mockingbird Nesomimus melanotis E
  • Large Ground-Finch Geospiza magnirostris all islands except H & Daphne
  • Medium Ground-Finch Geospiza fortis all islands except H, M, N, O
  • Small Ground-Finch Geospiza fuliginosa all islands except M, N, O
  • Sharp-beaked Ground-Finch Geospiza difficilis C,D, I, M, N, O
  • Common Cactus-Finch Geospiza scandens all islands except C, L, M, N, O
  • Large Cactus-Finch Geospiza conirostris H & its Gardner, M
  • Vegetarian Finch Camarhynchus crassirostris all islands except H, J, K, M, N, O
  • Mangrove Finch Camarhynchus heliobates A
  • Large Tree-Finch Camarhynchus psittacula all islands except H, M, N, O
  • Small Tree-Finch Camarhynchus parvulus all islands except G, H, M, N, O
  • Medium Tree-Finch Camarhynchus pauper F
  • Woodpecker Finch Camarhynchus pallidus A, B, C, D, E, L
  • Warbler Finch Certhidea olivacea all islands except Daphne 
  • [] not recognised by JFC

ISLANDS' codes (lesser islands names given) all islands means all below

  • size order, largest first
  • A Isabela (Albemarle)
  • B Santa Cruz (Indefatigable)
  • C Fernandina (Narborough)
  • D Santiago (San Salvador or James)
  • E San Cristóbal (Chatham)
  • F Santa Maria (Floreana or Charles)
  • G Marchena (Bindloes)
  • H Española (Hood)
  • I Pinta (Abingdon)
  • J Santa Fé (Barrington)
  • K Baltra
  • L Pinzón
  • M Genovesa (Douwes or Tower)
  • N Teodoro Wolf (Wenman)
  • O Charles Darwin (Culpepper)
  • Bartolomé
  • Champion
  • Daphne
  • Rábida
  • Gardner off Española
  • Gardner off Santa Maria
  • North Seymour
  • Plazas

References (see Reference Used By BSG list for full titles) 

  • BirdLife International
  • Castro, I. (1996)
  • Clements, J.F. (2000)`
  • Ridgely, R.S. & Greenfield, P.J. (2001)

Contacts (and further references) 

Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galápagos Islands (who run the Charles Darwin Research Station) 

Ecuador Ministry of Tourism 

Author: BSG