PATAGONIA Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List 


Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website.

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready-made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region. 


  • Chilean Tinamou Nothoprocta perdicaria
  • Patagonian Tinamou Tinamotis ingoufi
  • Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome VU
  • Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus NT
  • Hooded Grebe Podiceps gallardoi NT EBA062
  • Common Diving-Petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix
  • Rock Shag Phalacrocorax magellanicus
  • Imperial Shag Phalacrocorax atriceps
  • Upland Goose Chloephaga picta
  • Kelp Goose Chloephaga hybrida
  • Ashy-headed Goose Chloephaga poliocephala
  • Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps EBA062
  • Flightless Steamerduck Tachyeres pteneres
  • White-headed Steamerduck* Tachyeres leucocephalus NT
  • Flying Steamerduck Tachyeres patachonicus
  • Spectacled Duck Anas specularis NT
  • White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula
  • Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis NT
  • Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis NT EBA062
  • Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis NT
  • Austral Rail Rallus antarcticus VU
  • Fuegian Snipe Gallinago stricklandii NT
  • Magellanic Oystercatcher Haematopus leucopodus
  • Two-banded Plover Charadrius falklandicus
  • Rufous-chested Dotterel Charadrius modestus
  • Magellanic Plover Pluvianellus socialis NT EBA062
  • White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus
  • South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
  • Dolphin Gull Larus scoresbii
  • Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata
  • Austral Parakeet Enicognathus ferrugineus
  • Green-backed Firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes
  • Striped Woodpecker Picoides lignarius
  • Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius
  • Magellanic Woodpecker Campephilus magellanicus
  • Short-billed Miner Geositta antarctica EBA062
  • Band-tailed Earthcreeper Eremobius phoenicurus
  • Blackish Cinclodes Cinclodes antarcticus EBA062
  • Dark-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes patagonicus
  • Grey-flanked Cinclodes Cinclodes oustaleti
  • Des Murs's Wiretail Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii
  • Thorn-tailed Rayadito Aphrastura spinicauda
  • Patagonian Canastero* Asthenes patagonica
  • Austral Canastero Asthenes anthoides
  • White-throated Cacholote* Pseudoseisura gutturalis
  • White-throated Treerunner Pygarrhichas albogularis
  • Black-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos tarnii
  • Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus
  • Rufous-tailed Plantcutter Phytotoma rara
  • Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris
  • Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope
  • Chocolate-vented Tyrant Neoxolmis rufiventris EBA062
  • Great Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis livida
  • Lesser Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis murina
  • Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus
  • White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora
  • Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha
  • Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis
  • Austral Negrito Lessonia rufa
  • Chilean Swallow Tachycineta meyeni
  • Patagonian Mockingbird Mimus patagonicus
  • Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii
  • Grey-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus gayi
  • Patagonian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus patagonicus
  • Carbonated Sierra-Finch* Phrygilus carbonarius
  • Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma
  • Patagonian Yellow-Finch Sicalis lebruni
  • Canary-winged Finch Melanodera melanodera EBA062
  • Austral Blackbird Curaeus curaeus
  • Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata

* Argentine endemic 

** Chilean endemic 

EBA062 Southern Patagonia 


BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone. 

Author: B.P. Wainwright