SOUTHERN ANDES Biome Endemics and Near-Endemics List 


Birding Site Guide

BENES lists are unique to BSG and were created for the website. 

This list contains all species endemic to or difficult to find outside of, this ecoregion. They differ importantly from Endemic Bird Areas because the size of the area they cover is the whole ecoregion, whereas EBA are restricted to 50,000km2, they furthermore not only include all endemic species but also all other species which are difficult to observe outside the individual biomes (this naturally includes near-endemics and any other more widespread threatened or near-threatened species). This was quite deliberately done to provide ready made lists for birders of all scarce species they could expect to see in the region. 


  • Chilean Tinamou Nothoprocta perdicaria
  • Spectacled Duck Anas specularis NT
  • Black Crake Laterallus jamaicensis NT
  • Chilean Pigeon Patagioenas araucana EBA061
  • Bare-eyed Ground-Dove Metriopelia morenoi
  • Austral Parakeet Enicognathus ferrugineus
  • Slender-billed Parakeet** Enicognathus leptorhynchus EBA061
  • Andean Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium jardinii
  • White-sided Hillstar Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
  • Green-backed Firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes
  • Striped Woodpecker Picoides lignarius
  • Chilean Flicker Colaptes pitius
  • Creamy-rumped Miner Geositta isabellina
  • Crag Chilia** Chilia melanura
  • Dark-bellied Cinclodes Cinclodes patagonicus
  • Grey-flanked Cinclodes Cinclodes oustaleti
  • Des Murs's Wiretail Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii
  • Thorn-tailed Rayadito Aphrastura spinicauda
  • Steinbach's Canastero Asthenes steinbachi
  • Dusky-tailed Canastero** Asthenes humicola
  • Austral Canastero Asthenes anthoides
  • White-throated Treerunner Pygarrhichas albogularis
  • Black-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos tarnii EBA061
  • Chestnut-throated Huet-huet Pteroptochos castaneus
  • Moustached Turca** Pteroptochos megapodius
  • White-throated Tapaculo** Scelorchilus albicollis
  • Chucao Tapaculo Scelorchilus rubecula EBA061
  • Ochre-flanked Tapaculo Eugralla paradoxa EBA061
  • Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus
  • Rufous-tailed Plantcutter Phytotoma rara
  • Patagonian Tyrant Colorhamphus parvirostris
  • Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope
  • Great Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis livida
  • Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola capistratus
  • White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora
  • Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola flavinucha
  • Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola frontalis
  • Chilean Swallow Tachycineta meyeni
  • Patagonian Mockingbird Mimus patagonicus
  • Chilean Mockingbird** Mimus thenca
  • Austral Thrush Turdus falcklandii
  • Grey-hooded Sierra-Finch Phrygilus gayi
  • Patagonian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus patagonicus
  • Yellow-bridled Finch Melanodera xanthogramma
  • Greater Yellow-Finch Sicalis auriventris
  • Patagonian Yellow-Finch Sicalis lebruni
  • Yellow-striped Brush-Finch Atlapetes citrinellus
  • Austral Blackbird Curaeus curaeus
  • Black-chinned Siskin Carduelis barbata
  • Yellow-rumped Siskin Carduelis uropygialis

* Argentine endemic 
** Chilean endemic 

EBA061 Chilean Temperate Forests 
EBA062 Southern Patagonia 


BirdLife International (2005) Data Zone. 

Author: B.P. Wainwright